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Species for Medicinal and Social Use with an Emphasis on Theobroma cacao L. (Cacao), Nicotiana tabacum L. (Tobacco), Actaea racemosa L. (Black Cohosh), and Humulus lupulus L. (Hops)

  • Joe-Ann McCoyEmail author
  • Johanna H. Young
  • Jessica M. Nifong
  • Kim Hummer
  • Jeanine DeNoma
  • Carlos H. Avendaño-Arrazate
  • Stephanie L. Greene
  • Michael B. Kantar
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter explores plants that are used for medicinal and social uses. It first gives a brief overview of taxa that are found throughout North America, how and where they are conserved and how they are distributed. It then looks at four economically important taxa, Theobroma cacao L. (cacao), Nicotiana tabacum L. (tobacco), Actaea racemosa L. (black cohosh), Humulus lupulus L. (Hops), as case studies of how medicinal and social plants have been used over the centuries and how their wild relatives have been conserved and how we can expect these plant to be used in the future.

Keywords

Medicinal crop Wild collected Social-use crop Crop wild relative 

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© This is a U.S. Government work and not under copyright protection in the U.S.; foreign copyright protection may apply 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joe-Ann McCoy
    • 1
    Email author
  • Johanna H. Young
    • 1
  • Jessica M. Nifong
    • 2
  • Kim Hummer
    • 3
  • Jeanine DeNoma
    • 3
  • Carlos H. Avendaño-Arrazate
    • 4
  • Stephanie L. Greene
    • 5
  • Michael B. Kantar
    • 6
  1. 1.The North Carolina Arboretum Germplasm RepositoryAshevilleUSA
  2. 2.US Nicotiana Germplasm Collection, Department of Crop and Soil SciencesNC State UniversityRaleighUSA
  3. 3.USDA, Agricultural Research Service, Research Leader and Small Fruit Curator at the USDA National Clonal Germplasm RepositoryCorvallisUSA
  4. 4.Cocoa Program, Experimental Field Rosario Izapa-INIFAPTuxtla chicoMexico
  5. 5.USDA, Agricultural Research Service, Center for Agricultural Resources Research, National Laboratory for Genetic Resources PreservationFort CollinsUSA
  6. 6.Tropical Plant and Soil ScienceUniversity of Hawaii at ManoaHonoluluUSA

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