Advertisement

Effect of Treated Wastewater on Plant, Soil and Leachate for Golf Grass Irrigation

  • Hind Mouhanni
  • Abdelaziz Bendou
Chapter

Abstract

The main objective of this work is to evaluate the feasibility of the treated wastewater reuse from the Agadir M’zar plant for golf grass irrigation. The current potential of this water is 10,000 m3/day, which can be used for irrigation without any restriction (Category A, WHO standards). This production capacity of treated wastewater by the Agadir M’zar plant will permit to satisfy completely the needs in water for irrigating Agadir city’s green spaces. The purpose is to investigate the effects of the reuse of treated wastewater which contains higher concentration of soluble salts compared to groundwater on plant, soil and leachate. To do so, full-scale tests have been carried out in the wastewater plant site on parcels of 25 m2 using different variety of grass seed. The results presented in this chapter are related: firstly to the monitoring of parameters of grass growth during the first 21 days of irrigation; secondly to the monitoring of physicochemical parameters of leachate during the first 60 days of irrigation; and thirdly to the analysis of soil in three depths (20 cm, 40 cm and 60 cm) for composite samples taken at the end of the process. The parameters of grass growth and the physicochemical analysis of leachate and soil show that irrigation with treated wastewater in comparison with conventional water (groundwater) has a positive effect on the grass growth (tillering and evolution of leave length) and increases salinity in both groundwater and the top soil, thus tending to promote the training of soluble salts insoil.

Keywords

Wastewater reuse Golf grass Irrigation Plant Leachate Soil Salinity 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Our thanks go to RAMSA, Regional Office of Agricultural Development of the Souss Massa Daraa, National Institute of Agronomic Research of Agadir, and the Water and Chemistry Laboratory in Franche Comté University in Besançon town in France for their assistance during the conduct of this study.

References

  1. Al-Hamaiedeh, H., & Bino, M. (2010). Effect of treated grey water reuse in irrigation on soil and plants. Desalination, 256, 115–119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ayers, R.S. and Westcot, D. (1988). The quality of water in agriculture. FAO Irrigation and Drainage. pages? Edt?Google Scholar
  3. Chenini, F., Trad M., Rejeb, S., Chaabouni, Z., Xanthoulis, D., (2002).Optimization and durability of the treatment and reuse of wastewater in agriculture. Report Ministry of Agriculture, Environment and Water Resources, National Institute for Research in Agricultural Engineering, Forestry, Tunisia.Google Scholar
  4. Gregory, E., Ervin, R., & Zhang, X. (2010). Reclaimed water for turfgrass irrigation. Water, 2, 685–701.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Jalali, M., Merikhpour, H., Kaledhoukar, M. J., & der Zee Seatm, V. (2008). Effects of wastewater irrigation on soil sodicity and nutrient leaching in soils calcareus. Agricultural Water Management, 95, 143–153.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Lucila, C., Fabregat, S., Josa, A., Suriol, J., Vigues, N., & Mas, J. (2007). Assessment of soil and groundwater impacts by treated urban wastewater reuse. A case study: Application in a golf course (Girona, Spain). Science of the Total Environment, 374, 26–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Mouhanni, H. et Bendou, A. (2011). Impact de la réutilisation des eaux usées épurées en irrigation sur la croissance de la plante gazon. Revue Internationale d’héliotechnique-énergie-environnement N° 43 14–21.Google Scholar
  8. Mouhanni, H., Hamdy, H., Bendou, À., & Benzine, L. (2008). Réutilisation des eaux usées épurées pour l’irrigation du gazon des golfs: Impact sur la germination et la croissance du gazon. Revue Internationale d’hélio technique-énergie-environnement, 38, 27–33.Google Scholar
  9. Mouhanni, H.; Hamdy, H.; Bendou, A., Cavalli, E.; Benzine, L. (2011). Impact de la réutilisation des eaux usées épurées en irrigation: Analyse ionique des sols. Revue Déchets Sciences et Techniques N° 59 mars.Google Scholar
  10. Mouhanni, H., Hamdy, H., Bendou, A., Cavalli, E., & Benzine, L. (2012). Impact de la réutilisation des eaux usées épurées en irrigation: Analyse ionique des lyxiviats. Revue des Sciences de l’Eau, 25, 69–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Pedrero, F., & Alarcon, J. J. (2009). Effect of treated wastewater irrigation on lemon trees. Desalination, 246, 631–639.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Salgot, M., Huertas, E., Weber, S., Dott, W., & Hollender, J. (2006). Wastewater reuse and risk: Definition of key objectives. Desalination, 187, 29–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Tomas, C. (2008). Water reuse of South Barcelona’s wastewater reclamation plant. Desalination, 218, 43–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Vuokko, O. K., Tapio, S., & Pekka, E. P. (2010). Bilateral collaboration in municipal water and wastewater services in Finland. Water, 2, 815–825.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Zalesny, J. A., Zalesny, R. S., Jr., Wiese, A. H., Sexton, B., & Hall, R. B. (2008). Sodium and chloride accumulation in leaf, woody, and root tissue of populus after irrigation with landfill leachate. Environmental Pollution, 155, 72–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hind Mouhanni
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Abdelaziz Bendou
    • 4
  1. 1.Département de Chimie, Centre des Sciences et TechniquesCampus Universitaire Ait MelloulAit MelloulMorocco
  2. 2.Équipe des Matériaux, mécanique et Génie civil – ENSA- UIZAgadirMorocco
  3. 3.Équipe d’ Électrochimie, Catalyse et Environnement- FS-UIZAgadirMorocco
  4. 4.Ibn Zohr UniversityAgadirMorocco

Personalised recommendations