The Impact of Soil Degradation on Agricultural Production in Africa

  • Olaf PollmannEmail author
  • Szilárd Podruzsik


Africa is classified as the continent with the highest threat caused by a changing earth climate. This threat is a result of interaction between diverse stressing factors which are already indicated in local ecosystems. These climatic effects are more visible in Africa than on any other continent or regions in the world. The interactions of climate change and anthropogenic caused environmental influences are specifically distinct like fire clearance, overfishing, and food security. Environmental and agricultural resources are fundamentals for social, economic, and ecologic development and essential for African countries. With increased interferences in the ecological balance of ecosystems, booming productions are one of the major and most serious effects on soil degradation. With indicators like soil wetness, pH, water-holding-capacity, soil fertility, drought etc. the productivity of different soils can be evaluated. With this evaluation, it will be possible to estimate the economic efficiency, and therefore concrete market potentials. Against this background, the impact of soil degradation will be investigated on examples of agricultural production in Africa. The importance to understand the market relevance and key markets in the agricultural sector is essential for the success of agricultural production in Africa.


Africa Soil quality and efficiency Agriculture organic farming Economic development 


  1. Badgley, C., et al. (2007). Organic agriculture and the global food supply. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems, 22(2), 86. Lay summary – New Scientist (July 12, 2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Behnassi, M., & Yaya, S. (2011). Land resource governance from a sustainability and rural development perspective. In M. Behnassi, S. A. Shabbir, & J. D’Silva (Eds.), Sustainable agricultural development: Recent approaches in resources management and environmentally-balanced production enhancement (pp. 3–23). Netherlands: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Dixon, J., Gulliver, A., & Gibbon, D. (2001). Farming systems and poverty – improving farmers’ livelihoods in a changing world. FAO and World Bank.
  4. FAO. (2001). Two essays on socio-economic aspects of soil degradation, economic and social development (Paper 149). ISBN: 9251046298.Google Scholar
  5. Nkonya, E., et al. (2013). Economics of land degradation initiative: Methods and approach for global and national assessments (ZEF-discussion papers on development policy, No. 183).Google Scholar
  6. Soil Atlas. (2015). The soil atlas 2015, jointly published by the Heinrich Böll Foundation, Berlin, Germany, and the Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies, Potsdam, Germany. Published: January 2015 (1st edn), p. 68. Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0.Google Scholar
  7. UNEP. (2015). Building inclusive green economies in Africa experience and lessons learned 2010–2015 United Nations Environment Programme.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.SCENSO – Scientific Environmental SolutionsSankt AugustinGermany
  2. 2.Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural DevelopmentCorvinus University of BudapestBudapestHungary

Personalised recommendations