Conclusion: Labor Migration After All?

  • Miloslav Bahna
  • Martina Sekulová


A summary of the two main insights of the presented approach to the topic of circular migration of care workers from Central and Eastern Europe to Austria concludes the book. Seeing care workers as labor migrants can explain the dynamics of live-in care provision in Austria, while insights from dual labor market theory explain particular features of live-in care work. After abandoning the care drain perspective, it is migration that turns employment in a demanding and low-paid job into an experience of job satisfaction and life success. Future of cross-border care provision within Europe is being discussed in a situation of diminishing income differences, suggesting it is only a matter of time when migrant care provision will predominantly come from outside the EU.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Miloslav Bahna
    • 1
  • Martina Sekulová
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute for SociologySlovak Academy of SciencesBratislavaSlovakia
  2. 2.Independent ResearcherBratislavaSlovakia

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