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Scottish War Resisters and Conscientious Objectors, 1914–1919

  • William Kenefick
Chapter

Abstract

When war was declared on August 4, 1914, Scots responded in great numbers to Lord Kitchener’s patriotic call to arms and on the home front, the Scottish public commitment to the war effort seemed never in doubt. Yet a small if vocal minority opposed the war and Scottish war resisters and conscientious objectors figured prominently in the British anti-war movement. From the commencement of hostilities, the Independent Labour Party (ILP), vowed to fight the jingoism, militarism, and secret diplomacy that had caused the war in the first place. Derided as “pro-German,” the ILP held to their anti-war stance throughout the war and by armistice the party had grown significantly across Scotland. This chapter investigates the role of Scottish war resisters and the reasons behind the ILP’s political success in Scotland in the face of intense patriotism and pro-war propaganda experienced during the First World War.

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Archive Material

  1. Independent Labour Party, Report of the 19th Annual Conference, Birmingham, April 1911.Google Scholar
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  5. Carr Archive © Dundee City Council, Dundee Art Galleries and Museums.Google Scholar
  6. James Maxton Papers, Mitchell Library: Coll TO956/5/7.Google Scholar
  7. Newspapers

    1. Aberdeen Evening Express.Google Scholar
    2. Dundee Courier.Google Scholar
    3. Glasgow Herald.Google Scholar
    4. Labour Leader.Google Scholar
    5. Scottish Prohibitionist.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of DundeeDundeeUK

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