Contemporary Trends and Factors in the Making of Boko Haram

  • Edlyne Eze Anugwom
Part of the New Directions in Islam book series (NDI)


Boko Haram has been made and influenced by modern trends in Islam in Nigeria. Thus, it is a product of its socio-religious contexts and has responded to contemporary socio-economic and political challenges in Nigeria. Some of these contemporary influences and drivers of the sect include the politicization of Shari’a, the traditional tension between Sufi and Salafi Islam, the rise of radical Salafi sects which incidentally provided what can be regarded as context or religious apprenticeship for Yusuf. Equally often implicated in the growth of Boko Haram is the almajarai system and rapid urbanization without opportunity in the North of Nigeria. The utilization of the Shari’a by the emergent political class in the early 2000s to gain ascendancy in politics and the subsequent utilization of the law on marginal members of the society buoyed up the rhetoric of Boko Haram regarding pollution of Islam and decadent political manifestations of modernity.


Boko Haram Zalis ME jihadJihad sectSect Western Education 
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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edlyne Eze Anugwom
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Sociology and AnthropologyUniversity of Nigeria NsukkaNsukkaNigeria

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