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Attention-Based Recurrent Neural Network for Sequence Labeling

  • Bofang Li
  • Tao LiuEmail author
  • Zhe Zhao
  • Xiaoyong Du
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10987)

Abstract

Sequence labeling is one of the key problems in natural language processing. Recently, Recurrent Neural Network (RNN) and its variations have been widely used for this task. Despite their abilities of encoding information from long distance, in practice, one single hidden layer is still not sufficient for prediction. In this paper, we propose an attention architecture for sequence labeling, which allows RNNs to selectively focus on every useful hidden layers instead of irrelative ones. We conduct experiments on four typical sequence labeling tasks, including Part-Of-Speech Tagging (POS), Chunking, Named Entity Recognition (NER), and Slot Filling for Spoken Language Understanding (SF-SLU). Comprehensive experiments show that our attention architecture provides consistent improvements over different RNN variations.

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work is supported by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, the Research Funds of Renmin University of China, National Natural Science Foundation of China with grant No. 61472428.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of InformationRenmin University of ChinaBeijingChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Data Engineering and Knowledge EngineeringMOEBeijingChina

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