Advertisement

Terraced Lands: From Put in Place to Put in Memory

  • Ada Acovitsióti-Hameau
Chapter
Part of the Environmental History book series (ENVHIS, volume 9)

Abstract

The terracing of sloping, rocky, and hilly land is man’s answer to the physical environment’s potentialities and constraints. It sets up singular territories where nature and culture are tightly linked. The places of action and life thus created report a high level of symbiosis between inhabitants/users and used time/spaces. This symbiosis defines the quality of the areas where humans live, the écoumène as explained by Augustin Berque (Berque in Écoumène, Introduction à l’étude des milieux humains. Belin, Paris, 2000). Acquainted to a put in writing of the relief, these arrangements tangibly mark the way users—permanent, seasonal, or passers-by—perceive the territory. Expressed by tracing and by artifacts widely executed in dry stone, this “writing on the soil” conforms and orders space and establishes a network of relationships concerning family; neighborhood; production; cooperation; and structuring societies, land property, and technical systems. Functional efficiency and aesthetics create another register of shared perceptions, which gives meaning to forms of the landscape, to constructed works, and to modes of building, conferring an identity recorded by the collective memoirs. These perpetual comings and goings established between the territory’s reality and its representation, this fertile trajectivity —to paraphrase Gérard Chouquer—between the material and the mental, justify and legitimize attention to and care for terraced lands because, beyond the universe of forms and production of goods, these sets help us appreciate lifestyles and think about man’s way of being in the world.

Keywords

Terraced lands Physical environment Social structures Land property Technical systems Landscape perception Collective memoirs Écoumène Trajectivity Dry stone study Association-Société de la pierre sèche France 

References

  1. Acovitsióti-Hameau A (2002) Constructions en pierre sèche en Méditerranée: pour une reconversion en souplesse. In: Bulletin de l’Association des géographes Français (BAGF-Géographies): pp 332–343Google Scholar
  2. Acovitsióti-Hameau A (2010) Une montagne à vivre et à partager: le territoire de Montegrosso-Pian-Latte en Ligurie. In: Tzortzis S, Delestre X (eds) Archéologie de la montagne européenne, Actes du colloque de gap (septembre 2008). Errance et Centre Camille Jullian, Paris et Aix-en-Provence: pp 97–107Google Scholar
  3. Ambrosi A (1990) L’archittetura in pietra a secco: costruzione, progetto, tipologie. In: Ambrosi A, Degano C, Zaccaria DA (eds) Architettura in pietra a secco, Actes du 1er séminaire international sur la pierre sèche—Noci-Alberobello, septembre 1987, Schena, Brindisi, pp 17–84Google Scholar
  4. Augé M (2010) Retour sur les ‘non-lieux’. Communications 87:171–177Google Scholar
  5. Berque A (2000) Écoumène, Introduction à l’étude des milieux humains. Belin, ParisGoogle Scholar
  6. Blanchemanche Ph (1990) Bâtisseurs de paysages: Terrassement, épierrement et petite hydraulique agricole en Europe (XVIIe-XIXe siècle). M.S.H, ParisGoogle Scholar
  7. Brochot A, de la Soudière M (eds) (2010) Autour du lieu. In: Communications 87Google Scholar
  8. Chouquer G (2001) Nature, environnement et paysage au carrefour des théories. Études rurales 157–158:235–252Google Scholar
  9. Godefroid G (2014) Les pierres qui nourrissent. Chasse, élevage et agriculture ‘de la pierre’ à Perremenguier Sainte-Anastasie-sur-Issole. Cahier de l’ASER 18:37–47Google Scholar
  10. Leroi-Gourhan A (1943) L’homme et la matière. Albin Michel, ParisGoogle Scholar
  11. Urbain J-D (2010) Lieux, liens, légendes. In: Brochot A, de la Soudière M (eds) Autour du lieu. Communications 87: 99–107Google Scholar
  12. Varotto M (2008) Conclusions. Vers une redécouverte des “paysages intermédiaires”. In: Scaramellini G, Varotto M (eds) Paysages en terrasses des Alpes Paysages en terrasses des Alpes, Projet ALPTER. Marsilio, Venise, pp 112–117Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Société Scientifique Internationale Pour L’étude Pluridisciplinaire de La Pierre SècheBrignolesFrance

Personalised recommendations