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Agronanobiotechnologies to Improve the Water Quality in Irrigation Systems

  • Rodrigo Gutiérrez-Ramírez
  • Fabián Fernández-Luqueño
  • Gabriela Medina-Pérez
  • Hermes Pérez-Hernández
  • Fernando López-Valdez
  • Edgar Vázquez-Núñez
  • Sandra Loera-Serna
  • Gerardo Salas-Herrera
  • Aidé Zavala-Cortés
  • Vianey Urdapilleta Inchauregi
Chapter

Abstract

Several international studies have shown that the performance of watering practices and irrigation equipment are still too low, while the water quality and availability are increasingly scarce worldwide. Consequently, there are reductions in crop yields and a waste of water resources. The objectives of this chapter are (1) discussing some bibliographic evidence regarding the availability of agronanobiotechnologies to improve the water quality and watering efficiency in agricultural irrigation systems and (2) describing some technological developments used in the design of cheap and eco-friendly filters with natural or engineering nanomaterials and organic wastes. It has been found that groundwater irrigation has grown rapidly over the past 50 years and now supplies over one-third of the world’s irrigated area. Water management emerged as a strategic resource, not only in many arid and semiarid countries, but also in humid climates, because of its capacity to support intensive land use and high-value agriculture. However, effective governance of watering water and the implementation cutting-edge technologies are critical and urgent challenges. It is required to critically examine the various approaches that different technologies have proposed for taking advantage sustainably about irrigation water and assessing their wider applicability for promoting its responsible use worldwide, while better water technologies and management are urgent and critical for productivity, equity, and sustainability.

Keywords

Crop water requirements Engineering nanomaterials Irrigation and drainage Rainfall harvesting Runoff and evaporation Low-cost irrigation techniques Nanofilter Water supply 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was founded by “Ciencia Básica SEP-CONACyT” projects 151881 and 287225, the Sustainability of Natural Resources and Energy Programs (Cinvestav-Saltillo), and Cinvestav Zacatenco. G.M.-P., H.P.-H., G.S.-H., A.Z.-C., and V.U.-I. received grant-aided support from “Becas Conacyt.” F.F.-L., F.L.-V., E.V.-N., and S.L.-S. received grant-aided support from “Sistema Nacional de Investigadores (SNI),” México.

Conflict of interest The authors declare no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rodrigo Gutiérrez-Ramírez
    • 1
  • Fabián Fernández-Luqueño
    • 1
  • Gabriela Medina-Pérez
    • 2
  • Hermes Pérez-Hernández
    • 3
  • Fernando López-Valdez
    • 4
  • Edgar Vázquez-Núñez
    • 5
  • Sandra Loera-Serna
    • 6
  • Gerardo Salas-Herrera
    • 7
  • Aidé Zavala-Cortés
    • 2
  • Vianey Urdapilleta Inchauregi
    • 8
  1. 1.Sustainability of Natural Resources and Energy ProgramsCinvestav-SaltilloRamos Arizpe, Coahuila de ZaragozaMexico
  2. 2.Transdisciplinary Doctoral Program in Scientific and Technological Development for the SocietyCinvestavMexico CityMexico
  3. 3.El Colegio de la Frontera Sur, AgroecologíaUnidad CampecheCampecheMexico
  4. 4.Agricultural Biotechnology GroupResearch Center for Applied Biotechnology (CIBA) — Instituto Politécnico NacionalTlaxcalaMexico
  5. 5.Department of Chemical, Electronic, and Biomedicine Engineering, Sciences and Engineering DivisionUniversity of GuanajuatoLeon, GuanajuatoMexico
  6. 6.División de Ciencias Básicas e IngenieríaUniversidad Autónoma Metropolitana AzcapotzalcoMexico CityMexico
  7. 7.Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio NarroSaltilloMexico
  8. 8.Program of Nanosciences and NanotechnologyCinvestavCuidad de MéxicoMexico

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