Engineered Complex Adaptive Systems of Systems: A Military Application

  • Bonnie JohnsonEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Complexity book series (SPCOM)


Tactical warfare is complex [1]. It requires agile, adaptive, forward-thinking, fast-thinking, and effective decision-making. Advancing threat technology, the tempo of warfare, and the uniqueness of each battlespace situation, coupled with increases in information that is often incomplete and sometimes egregious; are all factors that cause human decision-makers to become overwhelmed [2]. Automated battle management aids become part of a solution to address the tactical problem space—to simplify complexity, increase knowledge, and formulate quantitative analyses of decision options. The other part of the solution is engineering an adaptive architecture of distributed weapons and sensors that can act independently or as collaborative systems of systems. This paper proposes a systems approach to the complex tactical problem space. The approach is based on a complex systems engineering strategy that views the decision space holistically in the context of capability enablers for managing future distributed warfare assets as complex adaptive systems of systems.


Complex adaptive systems of systems Battle management aids Decision-making 


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Copyright information

© This is a U.S. government work and not under copyright protection in the U.S.; foreign copyright protection may apply 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Naval Postgraduate SchoolSandy SpringUSA

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