Procedure Adopted in Different States
Generation of crop area statistics in Karnataka State is a collaborative process involving different departments. At state level, the Department of Economics and Statistics processes the reconciled crop area reports submitted by the districts. Primary process starts at a particular village, and the data gets aggregated at different levels of administrative hierarchy. At the village level, statistics on land use, crop area, and crops irrigated are collected through a joint field inspection by a team comprising of Village Accountant, Agricultural Assistant, and Work Inspector from the Water Resources Department. In Andhra Pradesh, Village Revenue Officer at village level is mainly responsible for the collection of land utilization and crop statistics information every season with the help of Village Revenue Assistants which is verified and compiled and monitored at Mandal level by Mandal Revenue Officer. The data are further reviewed at district level and accepted by the Directorate of Economics and Statistics at state level. In Odisha, Directorate of Economics and Statistics (DES) is responsible for collection of information on land utilization and crop statistics every year. The District Planning and Monitoring Units (DPMUs) undertake village-level surveys in approximately about 20% villages covering each Block/Mandal every year. The state has formulated EARAS (Establishment of an Agency for Reporting Agricultural Statistics) framework defining coverage of villages for every five years. Over a period of five years, all the villages in each Block/Mandal are covered through EARAS randomized sampling framework.