Advertisement

Gallbladder

  • Gian-Paul VidalEmail author
  • Tomer Davidov
Chapter
Part of the Clinical Gastroenterology book series (CG)

Abstract

Cholecystectomies are one of the most common operations performed. One of the major indications is symptomatic cholelithiasis, which can present in various forms, from mild biliary colic to life-threatening cholangitis. Other indications include non-calculous disease processes such as biliary dysfunction. With the advent of laparoscopy, the number of cholecystectomies has increased due to its benefits in safety, decreased hospital stay, and improved pain control. With advancements in technique and technology, it is possible to perform the surgery through a single incision either through standard laparoscopy or robotically. However safe the procedure may be, the operation carries some risk of intraoperative and postoperative complications.

Keywords

Laparoscopic or robotic cholecystectomy Minimally invasive surgery Cholecystitis Gallbladder surgery Cholelithiasis Gallstones 

References

  1. 1.
    Shaffer EA. Epidemiology of gallbladder stone disease. Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol. 2006;20(5):981–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Stinton LM, Shaffer EA. Epidemiology of gallbladder disease: cholelithiasis and cancer. Gut Liver. 2012;6(2):172–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Duca S, Bãlã O, Al-Hajjar N, Lancu C, Puia IC, Munteanu D, Graur F. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy: incidents and complications: a retrospective analysis of 9542 consecutive laparoscopic operations. HPB. 2003;5(3):152–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Gutt CN, Encke J, Köninger J, Harnoss JC, Weigand K, Kipfmüller K, et al. Acute cholecystitis: early versus delayed cholecystectomy, a multicenter randomized trial. Ann Surg. 2013;3:385–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Jackson PG, Evans S. Biliary system. In: Townsend CM, Beauchamp D, Evers M, Mattox K, editors. Sabiston textbook of surgery: the biological basis of modern surgical practice. 19th ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier Saunders; 2012. p. 1485–500.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bingener-Casey J, Richards ML, Strodel WE, Schwesinger WH, Sirinek KR. Reasons for conversion from laparoscopic to open cholecystectomy: a 10-year review. J Gastrointestinal Surgery. 2002;6(6):800–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Unger WS, Glick GL, Landeros M. Cystic duct leak after laparoscopic cholecystectomy, a multi-national study. Surg Endosc. 1996;10(12):1189–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    de Virgilio C, et al. Surgery: a case based clinical review. New York: Springer; 2015.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Liau SS, et al. A case of gallstone-induced small bowel necrosis masquerading as clinical appendicitis. Clin J Gastroenterol. 2009;2:239.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Halverson AL. Advanced surgical techniques for rural surgeons. New York: Springer; 2015.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Robert Wood Johnson Medical SchoolRutgers UniversityNew BrunswickUSA

Personalised recommendations