International Traders

  • Anna Bellavitis


All over Europe, and especially in port towns, women were active as traders, on the international markets: most of them were widows that had inherited the commercial company from their husbands, but this was not always the case and also single and married women were investors in international trading activities, including triangular trade with the colonies. The presence of women as owners of merchant companies increased, thanks to the use of commercial methods that allowed merchants to work on commission without having to travel, by using the services of intermediaries and suppliers.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anna Bellavitis
    • 1
  1. 1.University of RouenRouenFrance

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