Thermal Conversions of Biomass

  • Basanta Kumara Behera
  • Ajit Varma


Wood remains the largest biomass energy source today; examples include forest residues (such as dead trees, branches and tree stumps), yard clippings, woodchips and even municipal solid waste. Wood energy is derived by using lignocellulosic biomass (second-generation biofuels) as fuel. The estimated biomass production in the world is 104.9 petagrams (104.9 × 1015 g – about 105 billion metric tons) of carbon per year, about half in the ocean and half on land [1].


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Copyright information

© Capital Publishing Company, New Delhi, India 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Basanta Kumara Behera
    • 1
  • Ajit Varma
    • 1
  1. 1.Amity UniversityAmity Institute of Microbial TechnologyNoidaIndia

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