Advertisement

Age-Related Decline of Vision, Hearing, and Balance: Pathophysiology and Midlife Prevention

  • Patrice Tran Ba HuyEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Practical Issues in Geriatrics book series (PIG)

Abstract

The present chapter discuss the complex pathophysiological mechanisms of the sensory decline affecting vision, hearing and balance complex physiological mechanisms are stressed in this chapter. Even if a system dysfunction is more clinically apparent than the others, all the age-related changes started at midlife whatever the existence or not of a genetic predisposition. These changes are exacerbated by multiple general or more specific extrinsic risk factors.

These midlife age-related sensory changes are not enough investigated while an adequate prevention could have an enormous impact on the daily life at the old age: decreased mobility disorders and fall, better hearing, reduced dizziness feeling, less cognitive disorders, and indeed improved activity of daily life and quality of life.

Keywords

Aging Presbyopia Presbycusis Imbalance Dizziness Falls Prevention 

References

  1. 1.
    Gadkaree SK, Sun DQ, Li C et al (2016) Does sensory function decline independently or concomitantly with age? Data from the Baltimore longitudinal study of aging. J Aging Res 2016:1865038CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Owsley C (2016) Vision and aging. Annu Rev Vis Sci 2:255–271CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Crews JE, Chou CF, Sekar S et al (2017) The prevalence of chronic conditions and poor health among people with and without vision impairment, aged>65 years. Am J Ophthalmol 182:18–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Albers MW, Gilmore GC, Kaye J et al (2015) At the interface of sensory and motor dysfunctions and Alzheimer’s disease. Alzheimers Dement 11:70–98CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Clemons TE, Rankin MW, McBee WL (2006) Cognitive impairment in the age-related disease study. Arch Ophtalmol 124:537–543CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Cronin-Golomb A, Gilmore GC, Neargarder S et al (2007) Enhanced stimulus strength improves visual cognition in aging and Alzheimer’s disease. Cortex 43:952–966CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Klein R, Klein BE, Moss SE et al (1984) Prevalence and risk of diabetic retinopathy when age at diagnosis is less than 30 years. Arch Ophtalmol 102:520–526CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Arné JL, Duffier JL, Hamard H et al (2013) La prise en charge des soins ophtalmologiques en France. Bull Acad Natl Med 137:1051–1053Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Gates GA, Mills JH (2005) Presbycusis. Lancet 366:1111–1120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hawkins JE (1973) Comparative pathology. Aging, noise and ototoxic drugs. Adv Otorhinolaryngol 20:125–141PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Rosen G (1974) A backward glance at noise pollution. Am J Public Health 64:514–517CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Schuknecht HF (1974) Pathology of the ear. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MAGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Gates GA, Beiser A, Rees TS et al (2002) Central auditory dysfunction may precede the onset of clinical dementia in people with probable Alzheimer’s disease. J Am Geriatr Soc 50:482–488CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Dartigues JF, Féart C (2011) Risk factors for Alzheimer disease: aging beyond age? Neurology 77:206–207CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Lin FR, Yaffe K, Xia J et al (2013) Hearing loss and cognitive decline in older adults. JAMA Intern Med 173:293–299CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Amieva H, Ouvrard C, Giulioli C et al (2015) Self-reported hearing loss, hearing aids, and cognitive decline in elderly adults: a 25-year study. J Am Geriatr Soc 63:2099–2104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    “Dementia prevention, intervention, and care”. http://www.thelancet.com/commissions/dementia2017
  18. 18.
    Mamo SK, Reed NS, Nieman CL et al (2016) Personal sound amplifiers for adults. Am J Med 129:245–250CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Barin K, Dodson EE (2011) Dizziness in the elderly. Otolaryngol Clin N Am 44:437–454CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Harun A, Semenov Y, Agrawal Y (2015) Vestibular function and activities of daily living. Gerontol Geriatr Med 1:2333721415607124PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Rosenhall U, Rubin W (1975) Degenerative changes in the human vestibular sensory epithelia. Acta Otolaryngol 79:67–80CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Tran Ba Huy P (2011) Troubles de l’équilibre du sujet âgé. Rev Prat 61:819–822Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.French National Academy of MedicineParisFrance

Personalised recommendations