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Mastering Osteoporosis

  • Manfred Gogol
Chapter
Part of the Practical Issues in Geriatrics book series (PIG)

Abstract

Osteoporosis is a systemic skeletal disorder characterized by diminished bone mass and impaired microarchitecture of the bone tissue. It is associated with reduced strength and increased fracture risk. Technically, osteoporosis is diagnosed by taking bone mineral density (BMD) measurements and is defined as a BMD of < −2.5 standard deviations (SD) below the mean score in healthy young women. By contrast, osteopenia, the precursor to osteoporosis, is defined as a BMD < −1 to −2.5 SD below the mean score of a healthy younger reference population [1]. The presence of osteoporotic fractures, especially in the vertebrae, verifies the diagnosis. Given the frequent lack of clinical symptoms, however, the absence of fractures is not a criterion for ruling out osteoporosis.

Keywords

Osteoporosis Fracture Prevention Orthogeriatrics Fracture liaison service 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Manfred Gogol
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of GerontologyHeidelberg UniversityHeidelbergGermany

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