“Inna Different Stylee”: The Renaissance of Youth Culture and Politics in Bari

  • Susanna Scarparo
  • Mathias Sutherland Stevenson
Part of the Pop Music, Culture and Identity book series (PMCI)


The chapter discusses the most characteristic and influential of Italy’s early scenes which emerged in the Apulian city of Bari in the early 1980s and which found voice within the South’s first centro sociale, la Giungla. This process created urban narratives that sought to negotiate the alienating effects of heroin addiction, consumerism, social isolation, and political apathy through a renewal of the counter-hegemonic ideals, politics, and practices of the late 1970s. The synthesis of pre-existing elements of Italy’s political youth subculture (centri sociali and radio libere) with practices and idioms originating in Jamaican and British reggae culture, and in British and Italian punk culture (the sound system, dub reggae, and fanzines), marked this first phase of reggae’s transculturation in Italy.


Centri Sociali Reggae Fanzines Pizzutilo punkPunk 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Works Cited

  1. Bennett, Andy. 2000. Popular Music and Youth Culture: Music, Identity and Place. London: Macmillan Press. Print.Google Scholar
  2. Bennett, Andy, and Richard A. Peterson. 2004. Introducing Music Scenes. In Music Scenes: Local, Translocal and Virtual, ed. Andy Bennett and Richard A. Peterson, 1–15. Nashville: Vanderbilt University Press. Print.Google Scholar
  3. Bertante, Alessandro. 2005. Re nudo. Underground e rivoluzione nelle pagine di una rivista. Rimini: NdA Press. Print.Google Scholar
  4. Bettini, Stefano. 2012. Personal Interview. September 6.Google Scholar
  5. Bettini, Stefano, and Pier Tosi. 2009. Paperback reggae: Origini, protagonisti, storia e storie della musica in levare. Firenze: Editoriale Olimpia. Print.Google Scholar
  6. Bifo and Gomma, eds. 2001. Alice è il diavolo: Storia di una radio sovversiva. Milano: Shake Edizioni Underground. Print.Google Scholar
  7. Bull, Anna Cento, and Adalgisa Giorgio, eds. 2006. Speaking Out and Silencing: Culture, Society and Politics in Italy in the 1970s. London: Legenda. Print.Google Scholar
  8. Cagliari, Claudio, dir. 1983. Amore Tossico. Gaumont. DVD.Google Scholar
  9. Campo, Alberto. 1995. Nuovo? Rock?! Italiano! Firenze: Giunti. Print.Google Scholar
  10. Chambers, Ian, and Lidia Curti. 1982. Silent Frontiers. Screen Education, 36–47. London: Society for Education in Film and Television. Print.Google Scholar
  11. Chevannes, Barry. 1994. Rastafari: Roots and Ideology. New York: Syracuse University Press. Print.Google Scholar
  12. Chiesa, Guido, dir. 2004. Lavorare con lentezza. CG Entertainment. DVD.Google Scholar
  13. Clarke, John, Stuart Hall, Tony Jefferson, and Brian Roberts. 1993. Subcultures, Cultures and Class: A Theoretical Overview. In Resistance Through Rituals: Youth Subcultures in Post-war Britain, ed. John Clarke and Stuart Hall, 9–74. London: Routledge. Print.Google Scholar
  14. Dawson, Ashley. 2007. Mongrel Nation: Diasporic Culture and the Making of Postcolonial Britain. Ann Arbor: University Press of Michigan. Print.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. De Sario, Beppe. 2009. Resistenze innaturali: Attivismo radicale nell’Italia degli anni ’80. Milano: Agenzia X. Print.Google Scholar
  16. DeNora, Tia. 2000. Music in Everyday Life. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Print.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Donadio, Francesco, and Marcello Giannotti. 1996. Teddy-boys, rockettari e cyberpunk: Tipi mode e manie del teenager italiano dagli anni Cinquanta a oggi. Roma: Riuniti. Print.Google Scholar
  18. Downing, John D.H. 2001. Radical Media: Rebellious Communication and Social Movements. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications. Print.Google Scholar
  19. Edmonds, Ennis. 1998. Dread ‘I’ In-a-Babylon: Ideological Resistance and Cultural Revitalization. In Chanting Down Babylon: The Rastafari Reader, ed. Nathaniel S. Murrell, William D. Spencer, and Adrian A. McFarlane. Philadelphia: Temple University Press. Print.Google Scholar
  20. Epifani, Mattia, dir. 2011. Rockman. Goodfellas. DVD.Google Scholar
  21. Frith, Simon. 1996. Performing Rites. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Print.Google Scholar
  22. ———. 2007. Taking Popular Music Seriously: Selected Essays. Aldershot, Hampshire: Ashgate. Print.Google Scholar
  23. Galli, Gianni, ed. 1983. Ital Reggae 2: n. pag. Print.Google Scholar
  24. Ginsborg, Paul. 1990. A History of Contemporary Italy: Society and Politics 1943–1980. London: Penguin. Print.Google Scholar
  25. ———. 2001. Italy and Its Discontents: Family, Civil Society, State 1980–2001. London: Penguin. Print.Google Scholar
  26. Gramsci, Antonio. 1997. Selections from the Prison Notebooks of Antonio Gramsci. Ed. and Trans. Quentin Hoare and Geoffrey Nowell Smith. New York: International Publishers. Print.Google Scholar
  27. Grispigni, Marco. 1996. Combattenti di strada. La nascita delle culture giovanili in Italia. In Ragazzi senza tempo: Immagini, musica, conflitti delle culture giovanili, ed. Massimo Canevacci et al., 17–64. Genova: Coast and Nolan. Print.Google Scholar
  28. Hall, Stuart. 1996. New Ethnicities. In Stuart Hall: Critical Dialogues in Cultural Studies, ed. Stuart Hall, David Morley, and Kuan-Hsing Chen, 441–449. London: Routledge. Print.Google Scholar
  29. Harvey, David. 2005. A Brief History of Neoliberalism. New York: Oxford University Press. Print.Google Scholar
  30. Hebdige, Dick. 1979. Subculture: The Meaning of Style. London: Routledge. Print.Google Scholar
  31. Jones, Simon. 1988. Black Culture White Youth: The Reggae Tradition from JA to UK. London: Macmillan. Print.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Jones, Tobias. 2003. The Dark Heart of Italy. London: Faber and Faber. Print.Google Scholar
  33. Katsiaficas, Georgy. 1997. The Subversion of Politics: European Autonomous Social Movements and the Decolonization of Everyday Life. Oakland: AK Press. Print.Google Scholar
  34. Lull, James. 1995. Media, Communication, Culture: A Global Approach. Cambridge: Polity Press. Print.Google Scholar
  35. Lumley, Robert. 1991. States of Emergency: Cultures of Revolt in Italy from 1968 to 1978. London and New York: Verso Books. Print.Google Scholar
  36. Manfredi, Tommaso. 2008. Dai Caraibi al Salento: Nascita, evoluzione e identità del reggae in Puglia. Lecce: AGM. Print.Google Scholar
  37. Mansueto, Enzo. 2006. Dai wogs alla Giungla (1979–1984). Lumi di punk: La scena italiana raccontata dai protagonisti, 83–102. Milano: Agenzia X. Accessed 8 Feb 2018.
  38. Pell, Gregory. 2010. ‘Terroni di mezzo’: Dangerous Physiognomies. In From Terrone to Extracomunitario: New Manifestations of Racism in Contemporary Italian Cinema, ed. Grace Russo Bullaro, 178–218. Leicester: Toubador. Print.Google Scholar
  39. Pizzutilo, Mimmo, ed. 1984a. Rebel Soul 0: n.pag. Accessed 10 Sep 2012.
  40. ———, ed. 1984b. Rebel Soul 1: n.pag. Accessed 10 Sep 2012.
  41. ———, ed. 1984c. Rebel Soul 2: n.pag. Accessed 10 Sep 2012.
  42. ———, ed. 1984d. Rebel Soul 3: n.pag. Accessed 10 Sep 2012.
  43. ———, ed. 1985. Rebel Soul 4: n.pag. Accessed 10 Sep 2012.
  44. ———. 2012. Personal Interview. August 13.Google Scholar
  45. Plastino, Goffredo. 2003. Inventing Ethnic Music: Fabrizio De André’s Crueza de mä and the Creation of Musica Mediterranea. In Mediterranean Mosaic: Popular Music and Global Sounds, ed. Goffredo Plastino, 267–286. New York: Routledge. Print.Google Scholar
  46. Potter, Russell A. 1995. Spectacular Vernaculars: Hip Hop and the Politics of Postmodernism. Albany: State University of New York Press. Print.Google Scholar
  47. Pugliese, Joseph. 2008. Whiteness and the Blackening of Italy: La Guerra Cafona, Extracommunitari and Provisional Street Justice. Portal: Journal of Multidisciplinary International Studies 5 (2): 1–35. Accessed 20 Jan 2017.Google Scholar
  48. Robertson, Roland. 1995. Glocalization: Time-Space and Homogeneity-Heterogeneity. In Global Modernities, ed. Mike Featherstone, Scott Lash, and Roland Robertson, 25–44. London: Sage Publications. Print.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Rosapaeda. 2017. Email Interview. October 20.Google Scholar
  50. Roudometof, Victor. 2015. The Glocal and Global Studies. Globalizations 12 (5): 774–787. Print.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Schneider, Jane. 1998. Introduction: The Dynamics of Neo-Orientalism in Italy (1848–1995). In Italy’s Southern Question: Orientalism in One Country, ed. Jane Schneider, 1–23. Oxford: Berg. Print.Google Scholar
  52. Solaro, Alba. 1993. Il cerchio e la saetta: Centri sociali occupati in Italia. In Posse italiane: Centri sociali, underground musicale e cultura giovanile degli anni ’90 in Italia, ed. Carlo Branzaglia, Pierfrancesco Pacoda, and Alba Solaro, 11–70. Firenze: Editoriale Tosca. Print.Google Scholar
  53. Stille, Alexander. 1995. Excellent Cadavers: The Mafia and the Death of the First Italian Republic. New York: Pantheon Books. Print.Google Scholar
  54. ———. 2006. The Sack of Rome: Media + Money + Celebrity = Power = Silvio Berlusconi. London: Penguin. Print.Google Scholar
  55. Street, John. 2012. Music and Politics. Cambridge: Polity Press. Print.Google Scholar
  56. Tozzi, Tommaso, ed. 2008. Arte di opposizione: Stili di vita, situazioni e documenti degli anni Ottanta. Milano: Shake. Print.Google Scholar
  57. Veal, Michael E. 2007. Dub: Soundscapes and Shattered Songs in Jamaican Reggae. Middletown: Wesleyan University Press. Print.Google Scholar
  58. Vecchio, Concetto. 2007. Ali Di Piombo. Milano: Rizzoli. Print.Google Scholar
  59. Verdicchio, Pasquale. 1997. Bound by Distance: Rethinking Nationalism through the Italian Diaspora. Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press. Print.Google Scholar
  60. Voglino, Alex, et al. 1999. Miserabili quegli anni: Dalla contestazione al terrorismo: Analisi critica degli anni Settanta. Firenze: Tarab. Print.Google Scholar
  61. Yablokov, Alexey V., Vassily B. Nesterenko, and Alexey V. Nesterenko. 2009. Chernobyl: Consequences of the Catastrophe for People and the Environment. Boston: Blackwell Publishing. Print.Google Scholar


  1. Different Stylee. 1986a. Chernobyl Dub (Mr Babylon Heavy Mix). Mini Album Dubwize. Mole Reggae Diffusion. EP.Google Scholar
  2. ———. 1986b. Mr Babylon. Mini Album Dubwize. Mole Reggae Diffusion. EP.Google Scholar
  3. ———. 1988a. Serenata. Serenata. Mole Records. 12-inch.Google Scholar
  4. ———. 1988b. Spread Your Love. Serenata. Mole Records. 12-inch.Google Scholar
  5. Johnson, Anthony. 1982. Gun Shot. Gun Shot. Midnight Rock. LP.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susanna Scarparo
    • 1
  • Mathias Sutherland Stevenson
    • 2
  1. 1.The Australian National UniversityCanberraAustralia
  2. 2.Faculty of ArtsMonash UniversityMelbourneAustralia

Personalised recommendations