Advertisement

Epistemic Computation and Artificial Intelligence

  • Jiří WiedermannEmail author
  • Jan van LeeuwenEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Studies in Applied Philosophy, Epistemology and Rational Ethics book series (SAPERE, volume 44)

Abstract

AI research is continually challenged to explain cognitive processes as being computational. Whereas existing notions of computing seem to have their limits for it, we contend that the recent, epistemic approach to computations may hold the key to understanding cognition from this perspective. In this approach, computations are seen as processes generating knowledge over a suitable knowledge domain, within the framework of a suitable knowledge theory. This, machine-independent, understanding of computation allows us to explain a variety of higher cognitive functions such as accountability, self-awareness, introspection, free will, creativity, anticipation and curiosity in computational terms. It also opens the way to understanding the self-improving mechanisms behind the development of intelligence. The argumentation does not depend on any technological analogies.

Keywords

Epistemic Computation Epistemic Approach Higher Cognitive Functions Epistemic Theory Wiedermann 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgment

The authors thank Jodi Guazzini and Aaron Sloman for comments and suggestions that greatly helped to improve the manuscript.

References

  1. Bostrom, N.: Superintelligence: Paths, Dangers, Strategies. Oxford University Press, Oxford (2014)Google Scholar
  2. Garnelo, M., Arulkumaran, K., Shanahan, M.: Towards deep symbolic reinforcement learning. arXiv:1609.05518 (2016)
  3. Kroll, J.A., et al.: Accountable algorithms. Univ. PA Law Rev. 165(3), 633–705 (2016). Available at SSRN. https://ssrn.com/abstract=2765268Google Scholar
  4. Samsonovich, A.V.: Toward a unified catalog of implemented cognitive architectures. In: Proceedings of BICA 2010. Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications, vol. 221. pp. 195–244. IOS Press Ebooks (2010). http://bicasociety.org/cogarch/
  5. Sloman, A.: Huge but unnoticed gaps between current AI and natural intelligence (2018). This volumeGoogle Scholar
  6. van Leeuwen, J., Wiedermann, J.: Knowledge, representation and the dynamics of computation. In: Dodig-Crnkovic, G., Giovagnoli, R. (eds.) Representation and Reality in Humans, Other Living Organisms and Intelligent Machines, pp. 69–89. Springer, Cham (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Wiedermann, J., van Leeuwen, J.: Rethinking computation. In: Proceedings of 6th AISB Symposium on Computing and Philosophy: The Scandal of Computation - What is Computation?, AISB Convention 2013, Exeter, UK, pp. 6–10. AISB (2013)Google Scholar
  8. Wiedermann, J., van Leeuwen, J.: Computation as knowledge generation, with application to the observer-relativity problem. In: Proceedings of 7th AISB Symposium on Computing and Philosophy: Is Computation Observer-Relative?, AISB Convention 2014, Goldsmiths, London. AISB (2014)Google Scholar
  9. Wiedermann, J., van Leeuwen, J.: What is computation: an epistemic approach. (Invited talk.) In: Italiano, G., et al., (eds.) SOFSEM 2015: Theory and Practice of Computer Science. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 8939, pp. 1-13. Springer (2015a)Google Scholar
  10. Wiedermann, J., van Leeuwen, J.: Towards a computational theory of epistemic creativity. In: Proceedings of 41st Annual Convention of AISB 2015, London, pp. 235–242 (2015b)Google Scholar
  11. Wiedermann, J., van Leeuwen, J.: Understanding and controlling artificial general intelligenct systems. In: Proceedings of 10th AISB Symposium on Computing and Philosophy: Language, Cognition and Philosophy, AISB Convention 2017. University of Bath, UK, AISB, pp. 356–363 (2017)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Computer Science of AS CRPragueCzech Republic
  2. 2.Department of Information and Computing SciencesUtrecht UniversityUtrechtThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations