Aotearoa/New Zealand and Land-Use Changes

  • Lyn Carter
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Disaster Anthropology book series (PSDA)


Aotearoa/New Zealand has a long history of land-use changes modelled on remembered practices from the Pacific, and the challenging environmental conditions early Māori faced. Post 1840 the increase in Pākehā settlers saw an accelerated level of land-use changes such as wetlands drainage and degradation, deforestation, agriculture, and coastal developments. The consequences of the past changes have new meaning under climate change conditions, such as the increase in GHG emissions. In a contemporary context there are two key pieces of legislation that now control land-use change here in A/NZ: The Resource Management Act, 1991 (RMA) (and amendments) and the Exclusive Economic Zone and Continental Shelf (Environmental Effects) ACT, 2012 (EEZ). The discussion will focus on provisions in the Acts and their effectiveness from Māori perspectives.


RMA EEZ EPA Māori and legislation Land-use changes 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lyn Carter
    • 1
  1. 1.University of OtagoDunedinNew Zealand

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