Itinéraires luxembourgeois et européens: Pierre Werner’s Biographical Highlights
Pierre Werner’s active life largely coincided with progress in European integration in the second half of the 20th century. With a decades-long career as Luxembourg Prime Minister and Finance Minister and an influential role in economic, European and transatlantic networks, this prominent Christian Democrat shaped his country’s future and played a major role in regional integration (BLEU, Benelux) and EEC policy-making. He gained a strong reputation for forging consensus between larger political powers (Germany and France) and conflicting doctrinal positions (‘economists’ vs ‘monetarists’), as well as for his ideas on monetary and political integration (the 1970 Werner Report, which offered a blueprint for EMU). This chapter examines Werner’s intellectual background and personality, outlining his approach, political action and personal contribution to Europe over his career.