Pesticide Effects on Stream Ecosystems

  • Saskia KnillmannEmail author
  • Matthias Liess


Pesticides are currently applied on a large scale in agricultural crops, but also in urban areas, private gardens, and households [1–6].


Pesticides Freshwater invertebrates Biodiversity Leaf litter degradation Climate change 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of System-EcotoxicologyHelmholtz Centre for Environmental Research–UFZLeipzigGermany

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