The Link Between Diversity, Ecosystem Functions, and Ecosystem Services

  • Sonja KnappEmail author


As any other system, ecosystems are more than the sum of their parts. These parts – the abiotic environment and organisms at different trophic levels – interact, thus creating biogeochemical cycles and food webs. Roughly speaking, these interactions make ecosystems work. Some ecosystem functions generate ecosystem services (decomposition, for example is an important biogeochemical process for soil formation and nutrient cycling). Evidence is increasing that biodiversity loss will reduce ecosystem functioning and related ecosystem services.


Complementarity Ecosystem stability Functional diversity Functional redundancy Species diversity Traits 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Community EcologyHelmholtz Centre for Environmental Research–UFZHalle (Saale)Germany

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