Climate Regulation by Diverse Urban Green Spaces: Risks and Opportunities Related to Climate and Land Use Change

  • Sonja KnappEmail author
  • Madhumitha Jaganmohan
  • Nina Schwarz


Climate regulation provided by urban trees and green spaces is one of the main ecosystem services for urban areas. Urban green spaces are increasingly threatened by urbanization, and changing temperatures and precipitation due to climate change might impair the ability of trees to cool their surroundings. Thus urban planning is faced with the challenge of improving climate regulation in the face of urbanization and climate change. How should the urban green spaces be designed to meet this challenge? Does climate regulation improve with higher tree diversity, or is a single tree species sufficient?


Biodiversity Climate change Climate regulation Ecosystem service Green spaces Urban Trade-off Trees 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sonja Knapp
    • 1
    Email author
  • Madhumitha Jaganmohan
    • 2
  • Nina Schwarz
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Community EcologyHelmholtz Centre for Environmental Research–UFZHalle (Saale)Germany
  2. 2.Department of Computational Landscape EcologyHelmholtz Centre for Environmental Research–UFZLeipzigGermany
  3. 3.Faculty of Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation (ITC)University of TwenteEnschedeThe Netherlands

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