Advertisement

Corruption Without Borders: PTDF and Former Governors’ Scandals in the Nigerian Press

  • Muhammad Jameel Yusha’u
Chapter

Abstract

The Petroleum Technology Development Fund (PTDF) scandal and the former governors’ scandal, which this book studies, were the first high profile cases of corruption in the history of Nigeria where the president, the vice president and at least 31 out of the 36 regional governors were accused of corruption at the same period. The investigations were led by an institution established by the same government, the Economic and Financial crimes Commission (EFCC). The constitution of Nigeria has a provision that provides immunity to executives (president and governors) while they are in office. Yet, the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission was able to launch a massive investigation on these allegations of corruption. It was important to select these cases because they involved Northerners and Southerners, Muslims and Christians at the same time. A case of corruption without borders. Using critical discourse analysis, the chapter found a regional divide in the way the Punch and Daily Trust newspapers reported the allegations of corruption.

References

  1. BBC News. (2006). Nigeria Governors in Graft Probe. Available at http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/africa/5387814.stm. Downloaded 25 May 2009.
  2. BBC News. (2009). Fresh MP Expenses Claims Published. Available at http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/8041232.stm. Downloaded 27 May 2009.
  3. Bird, E. S. (1997). What a Story! Understanding the Audience for Scandal. In J. Lull & S. Hinerman (Eds.), Media Scandals, Morality and Desire in the Popular Culture Market Place (pp. 99–121). New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Canel, M. J., & Sanders, K. (2006). Morality Tales: Political Scandals in Britain and Spain in the 1990s. Cresskill. Hampton Press.Google Scholar
  5. Carvalho, A. (2008). Media(ted) Discourse and Society: Rethinking the Framework of Critical Discourse Analysis. Journalism Studies, 9(2), 161–177.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Fairclough, N. (1995). Media Discourse. London: Arnold.Google Scholar
  7. Fairclough, N. (2000). New Labour New Language. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  8. Fairclough, N. (2003). Analysing Discourse: Textual Analysis for Social Research. London/New York: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Fowler, R. (1991). Language in the News: Discourse and Ideology in the Press. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  10. Galtung, J., & Ruge, M. (1965). The Structure of Foreign News: The Presentation of the Congo, Cuba and Cyprus Crisis in Four Norwegian Newspapers. Journal of International Peace Research, 1, 64–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hallin, D. C., & Mancini, P. (2004). Comparing Media Systems: Three Models of Media and Politics. Cambridge. Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Haruna, M. (2007). Nigeria: Tribune, Yar’Adua and the Minister of Abuja. Available at http://allafrica.com/stories/200709050266.html. Downloaded 27 May 2009.
  13. Herman, E. S., & Chomsky, N. (2002). Manufacturing Consent. The Political Economy of the Mass Media. New York: Pantheon.Google Scholar
  14. Lull, J., & Hinerman, S. (1997). The Search for Scandal. In J. Lull & S. Hinerman (Eds.), Media Scandals: Morality and Desire in the Popular Culture Marketplace (pp. 1–33). Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  15. Meyer, M. (2001). Between Theory, Method, and Politics: Positioning of the Approaches to CDA. In R. Wodak & M. Meyer (Eds.), Methods of Critical Discourse Analysis (pp. 15–31). London: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  16. Ojeifo, S. (2006). Atiku – Obasanjo Took N10 billion PTDF Money for 3rd Term. Retrieved May, 16, 2018, Available at http://allafrica.com/stories/200612190209.html
  17. Oyovbaire, S. (2001). The Media and Democratic Process in Nigeria (1). Available at http://www.waado.org/nigerdelta/Essays/Oyovbaire.html. Downloaded 15 August 2006.
  18. Reef, M. S. (2007). Nigeria: The Coup against Nuhu Ribadu. Available at http://allafrica.com/stories/200712300016.html. Downloaded 25 May 2009.
  19. Richardson, J. E. (2007). Analysing Newspapers. An Approach from Critical Discourse Analysis. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  20. Richardson, J. (2008). Language and Journalism: An Expanding Research Agenda. Journalism Studies, 9(2), 152–160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Scollon, R. (2001). Action and Text: Towards an Integrated Understanding of the Place of Text in Social (Inter)action, Mediated Discourse Analysis and the Problem of Social Action. In R. Wodak & M. Meyer (Eds.), Methods of Critical Discourse Analysis (pp. 139–183). London: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  22. Stenvall, M. (2008). Unnamed Sources as Rhetorical Constructs in News Agency Reports. Journalism Studies, 9(2), 229–243.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Taiwo, R. (2007). Language, Ideology and Power Relations in Nigerian Newspaper Headlines. Available at http://www.iiav.nl/ezines/web/Nebula/2008/No3/nobleworld/Taiwo2.pdf. Accessed 07 Oct 2007.
  24. Van Dijk, T. (1988). How “They” Hit the Headlines: Ethnic Minorities in the Press. In G. Smitherman & T. Van Dijk (Eds.), Discourse and Discrimination (pp. 221–228). Detroit: Wayne State University Press.Google Scholar
  25. Van Dijk, T. A. (1993). Principles of Critical Discourse Analysis. Discourse and Society, 4(2), 249–283.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Van Dijk, T. A. (2001). Multidisciplinary CDA: A Plea for Diversity. In R. Wodak & M. Meyer (Eds.), Methods of Critical Discourse Analysis (pp. 95–120). London: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  27. Wikileaks. (2006). Nigeria: President and VP Volley Allegations. Retrieved May 16, 2018, Available at https://wikileaks.org/plusd/cables/06ABUJA2773_a.html
  28. Wodak, R. (2001). What CDA Is about-A Summary of Its history, Important Concepts and Its Developments. In R. Wodak & M. Meyer (Eds.), Methods of Critical Discourse Analysis (pp. 1–13). London: Sage Publications.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Yusha’u, M. J. (2018). For the Attention of African Media Scholars: An Introduction to Critical Discourse Analysis. In B. Mutsvairo (Ed.), The Palgrave Handbook of Media and Communication Research in Africa (pp. 465–482). Cham: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Muhammad Jameel Yusha’u
    • 1
  1. 1.Uni Focus AcademyKanoNigeria

Personalised recommendations