Introduction: Corruption Scandals and Intranational Framework for Media Systems Research in Africa

  • Muhammad Jameel Yusha’u


The chapter sets the context for the research and argues that there is a need for the introduction of an intranational framework for comparative media research in Africa, using the reporting of corruption scandals. It provides a detailed discussion about the definition of corruption from different disciplines and defines what a scandal is and how media exposure to stories of wrongdoing constitute what is known as scandal. Other issues discussed in the chapter include the fourth estate role of the media, the need for investigative journalism and its various definitions and how it should be applied. The chapter then concluded by reviewing seminal works on comparative media research, such as the Four Theories of the Press by Siebert, Peterson and Schramm (University of Illinois Press, Urbana/Chicago, 1956), The Crisis of Public Communication by Blumler and Gurevitch (Routledge, London/New York, 1995), and discusses how Hallin and Mancini (Comparing media systems: three models of media and politics. Cambridge University Press, 2004) reviewed their frameworks, and then suggests a new paradigm for comparative media research. The chapter argues that the Hallin and Mancini models have a more Western background; therefore, they need to be modified before they can be applied in an African context. The chapter therefore proposes a modification of the framework suggested by Hallin and Mancini from political parallelism to regional parallelism. The book will test the application of this framework within the Nigerian press, and by extension in Kenya and South Africa.


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© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Muhammad Jameel Yusha’u
    • 1
  1. 1.Uni Focus AcademyKanoNigeria

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