Late in 1973, at the height of his powers, the Shah discovered a lump in his abdomen that was diagnosed as lymphoma, a type of leukemia. The author argues that, even if the true nature of his illness was not spelt out to him until 1977, the Shah understood from the outset the life-threatening nature of his ailment, a critical factor in his visible rush to achieve as much as possible within a shortened lifespan. The rush factor put the Shah on a trail of pitfalls and errors of judgment. In August 1974, he speeded up that journey by doubling the spending package for the following three years, with catastrophic results. This followed a streak of bad political decisions that, meshed with rampant corruption, compounded the public apathy and discontent, including notably among moderate ulama.