November Countdown

  • Darioush Bayandor


Archive-based evidence presented in this chapter reveals the first instances of disloyal manipulations by the American ambassador, William Sullivan, in league with the lower echelons of the State Department, to promote a policy line that was at variance with that of the White House. In the wake of unprecedented tumult in Tehran in the first week of November, Carter’s National Security Advisor, Brzezinski, got Washington to commit itself to “unreserved support” for whatever line the Shah took in his handling of the crisis, but, in a daring stroke, Sullivan managed to frustrate that attempt. The chapter provides a narrative of events in Tehran and Washington that led the Shah to opt for a milder version of military rule and to blunder into an ill-prepared media appearance.


Unreserved Support Hoveyda Azhari Nahavandi Tarikh 
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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Darioush Bayandor
    • 1
  1. 1.NyonSwitzerland

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