Spatial Patterns of Regional Income Inequality Then and Now

  • Alfonso Díez-Minguela
  • Julio Martinez-Galarraga
  • Daniel A. Tirado-Fabregat
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Economic History book series (PEHS)


In this chapter an important element characteristic of territorial inequality is examined: the presence of geographical patterns, that is, the grouping of neighbouring regions into clusters of wealth or poverty. The descriptive evidence provided by the maps is supplemented with spatial autocorrelation statistics to test for the presence of spatial clustering. The analysis aims to identify when exactly the geographical patterns that characterize regional inequality in Spain today took shape. Then some hypotheses as to the causes are established. Finally, the chapter analyses whether the clusters of poor or rich regions continue uninterrupted beyond national borders to include regions of Portugal.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alfonso Díez-Minguela
    • 1
  • Julio Martinez-Galarraga
    • 1
  • Daniel A. Tirado-Fabregat
    • 1
  1. 1.University of ValènciaValènciaSpain

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