Scratching Beneath the Surface: Distribution Dynamics

  • Alfonso Díez-Minguela
  • Julio Martinez-Galarraga
  • Daniel A. Tirado-Fabregat
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Economic History book series (PEHS)


This chapter explores how regional inequality has evolved in terms of mobility and persistence. Different statistical methods are used to determine whether there has been a general trend whereby the richest regions have maintained their position over time or whether, on the contrary, any relevant changes can be seen in the positions occupied by the various regions in terms of income levels per capita. The results allow identifying stories of relative success or failure among Spanish regions, discover when exactly these changes were most frequent, and then construct hypotheses about the economic and institutional conditions which led to the biggest changes in the map of regional inequality in Spain.


  1. Azariadis, C., & Stachurski, J. (2005). Poverty traps. In P. Aghion & S. N. Durlauf (Eds.), Handbook of economic growth (Vol. 1, pp. 295–384). Amsterdam: Elsevier.Google Scholar
  2. Buyst, E. (2010). Reversal of fortune in a small, open economy: Regional GDP in Belgium, 1896–2000. Rivista di Storia Economica, 26, 75–92.Google Scholar
  3. Buyst, E. (2011). Continuity and change in regional disparities in Belgium during the twentieth century. Journal of Historical Geography, 37(3), 329–337.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Díez-Minguela, A., Rosés, J. R., & Sanchis, M. T. (2016). Paris and the French desert revisited: Regional income polarization in France, 1860–2010. Paper presented at the 56th European Regional Science Association Congress (ERSA), Vienna, 23–26 August.Google Scholar
  5. Díez-Minguela, A., & Sanchis, M. T. (2017). Regional income inequality in France: What does history teach us? Paper presented at XLIII Reunión de Estudios Regionales, Pablo de Olavide University, Seville, November 16–17.Google Scholar
  6. Enflo, K., & Missaia, A. (2018). Regional GDP estimates for Sweden, 1571–1850. Historical Methods: A Journal of Quantitative and Interdisciplinary History, 51(2), 115–137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Felice, E. (2011). Regional value added in Italy, 1891–2001, and the foundation of a long-term picture. Economic History Review, 64(3), 929–950.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gravier, J. C. (1947). Paris et le Désert Français. Paris: Le Portulan.Google Scholar
  9. Hammond, G. W., & Thompson, E. (2002). Mobility and modality trends in US state personal income. Regional Studies, 36(4), 375–387.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Quah, D. (1993). Empirical cross-section dynamics in economic growth. European Economic Review, 37(2–3), 426–434.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Quah, D. (1996). Twin Peaks: Growth and convergence in models of distribution dynamics. Economic Journal, 106(437), 1045–1055.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Quah, D. (1997). Empirics for growth and distribution: Stratification, polarization, and convergence clubs. Journal of Economic Growth, 2(1), 27–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Rodríguez-Pose, A. (2018). The revenge of the places that don’t matter (and what to do about it). Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society, 11, 189–209.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Shorrocks, A. F. (1978). The measurement of mobility. Econometrica, 46(5), 1013–1024.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Silverman, B. W. (1992). Density estimation for statistics and data analysis. London: Chapman and Hall.Google Scholar
  16. Storper, M. (2018). Separate worlds? Explaining the current wave of regional economic polarization. Journal of Economic Geography, 18, 247–270.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Wolf, N., & Rosés, J. R. (Eds.). (forthcoming). The economic development of Europe’s regions: A quantitative history since 1900. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  18. Yamamoto, D. (2008). Scales of regional income disparities in the United States, 1955–2003. Journal of Economic Geography, 8(1), 79–103.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alfonso Díez-Minguela
    • 1
  • Julio Martinez-Galarraga
    • 1
  • Daniel A. Tirado-Fabregat
    • 1
  1. 1.University of ValènciaValènciaSpain

Personalised recommendations