Regional Income Inequality in Spain 1860–2015

  • Alfonso Díez-Minguela
  • Julio Martinez-Galarraga
  • Daniel A. Tirado-Fabregat
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Economic History book series (PEHS)


How has regional economic inequality evolved since 1860? Is there a relationship between initial per-capita income and regional growth rates? Is there any relation between the evolution of regional inequality and the economic development process in Spain? In order to answer these questions, a number of different indicators of inequality are offered in this chapter. Then the patterns of convergence or divergence followed by Spanish regions from the mid-nineteenth century to the present are studied. Regional income inequality rose in the early stages of economic development and then declined. However, with high levels of development, around the 1980s, a change of trend is observed. In other words, over the very long term the inverted U-shape has turned into a curve in the shape of an elephant.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alfonso Díez-Minguela
    • 1
  • Julio Martinez-Galarraga
    • 1
  • Daniel A. Tirado-Fabregat
    • 1
  1. 1.University of ValènciaValènciaSpain

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