Advertisement

Ergonomics Evaluation of Workstations for Mechanical Engineering Companies with Particular Attention to Older Workers

  • Francesca Tosi
  • Mattia Pistolesi
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 824)

Abstract

Raising the retirement age characterizes the Italian pension policies as long as many other Western countries. The problems associated with the rise of the working-age population occur at the level of the production sector and at the level of the over 50 age workers safety and health risks, who work in the handling and control of industrial machineries. (ILO, 2015)

The sector of mechanical engineering is part of the metal industry, and it deals with machineries and facilities production. Today many people work into the metal industry, especially the over 50 workers.

By identifying the over 50 workers as a specific category of users, the design needs require the adaptation of the workstation to prevent any risks related to safety and to incapacity to work. The purpose of this ergonomics evaluation is the raising of safety and usability standard conditions.

This is the case of OCEM 2 company. It is made up of workers aged between 22 and 54.

The project in question aims to an ergonomic evaluation of 6 workstations in the carpentry and assembly departments.

The purpose of research project is to improve current workstations through an euristic evaluation of users risks conditions, using the methodological approach of ergonomics for design and its theoretical and operational tools, as Task Analysis, Users observation, Thinking Aloud, questionnaires and interviews. The aim of the results is to provide the basis for developing the design phase and to improve users risk conditions, usability and users comfort.

Keywords

Ergonomics evaluation Workstations Olders workers Euristic Evaluation Ergonomics for design 

References

  1. 1.
    International Labour Office (2015) World employment and social outlook, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA) (2012) Promoting active ageing in the workplace, BilbaoGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    ISO 9241-210:2010 (2010) Ergonomics of human-system interaction, part 210: human-centred design for interactive systemsGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    UNI 11377-1:2010 (2010) Usabilità dei prodotti industriali, parte 1: principi generali, termini e definizioniGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Abras C, Maloney-Krichmar D, Preece J, (2004) User-centered design. In Bainbridge W (ed) Encyclopedia of human-computer interaction. Sage Publications, Thousand OaksGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Norman DA (2013) The design of everyday things. Basic Books, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Rubin J, Chisnell D (2011) Handbook of usability testing: how to plan, design, and conduct effective test, 2nd edn. Wiley, HobokenGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Pheasant S, Haslegrave CM (2015) Bodyspace: anthropometry, ergonomics and the design of work, 3rd edn. CRC Press, Taylor and Francis, Boca RatonGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Preece J, Rogers Y, Sharp H (2002) Interaction design: Beyond human-computer interaction. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Tosi F (2005) Ergonomia progetto prodotto. Franco Angeli, MilanoGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Jordan PW (1998) An introduction to usability. Taylor & Francis, LondraGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Wilson JR (1995) A framework and a contest for ergonomics methodology. In: Wilson JR, Corlett EN (eds) Evaluation of human work. Taylor & Francis, Londra-Philadelphia
Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Stanton N, Baber C (1996) Factors effecting the selection of methods and techniques prior to conducting a usability evaluation. In: Jordan PW, Thomas B, Weerdmeester BA, McClelland I (eds) Usability evaluation in industry. Taylor & Francis, Londra-PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Stanton NA, Young MS, Harvey C (2014) Guide to methodology in ergonomics, designing for human use, 2nd edn. CRC Press, Taylor and Francis Group, Boca RatonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    UNI 11377-2:2010 (2010) Usabilità dei prodotti industriali, parte 2: metodi e strumenti di interventoGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Tosi F, Rinaldi A, Busciantella Ricci D, Pistolesi M, Brischetto A (2016) Ergonomics evaluation and redesign of workstation to prototyping of luxury garments. In: XI Congresso nazionale SIE 2016, NapoliGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Ergonomics and Design, Department of ArchitectureUniversity of FlorenceCalenzano, FirenzeItaly

Personalised recommendations