Advertisement

A Step Towards Inclusive Design: Comfortable Maximum Height of a Bus Step for the Elderly Mexican Population

  • Ileana Chávez-Sánchez
  • Paula González-Torres
  • Andrea Tejada-Gutiérrez
  • John Rey-Galindo
  • Carlos Aceves-González
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 824)

Abstract

In Mexico, public transport has emerged as one of the most viable options for the transportation of elderly people; however, the characteristics of buses have become an obstacle to their use. The aim of this research was to determine the maximum comfort height of a bus step for the elderly Mexican population. Twenty-one older adults participated in this study. The participants were asked to select the height they considered comfortable from four step options, which were built taking as a reference the maximum height established by The General Norm of technical nature SM/IMTJ/002/2014. The results showed that there is a relationship between the performance of physical activities and the choice of step height. Considering the results, it is suggested to establish a measure between 15 and 20 cm for the first step of the bus.

Keywords

Usability Anthropometry Human factors Inclusive design Special populations Public transportation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We want to thank the support provided by the Metropolitan Center for the Elderly (CEMAM), as well as the seniors who participated in this research.

References

  1. 1.
    Aceves-González C, Cook S, May A (2015) Bus use in a developing world city: implications for the health and well-being of older passengers. J Transp Health 2(2):308–316.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jth.2015.04.001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    González KD (2015) Envejecimiento demográfico en México: análisis comparativo entre las entidades federativas. Conapo, 129. http://www.conapo.gob.mx/es/CONAPO/Envejecimiento_demografico_en_Mexico
  3. 3.
    Instituto de Información Estadística y Geográfica (2015) El 6.9% de la población de Jalisco son personas de 65 años y más en el 2015. 2018, de STRATEGOS Sitio web. http://iieg.gob.mx/strategos/28-de-agosto-dia-del-adulto-mayor/
  4. 4.
    Triadó C (2014) Cambios físicos en el envejecimiento. En Psicología de la vejez(65-88). Alianza Editorial, MadridGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Salech F, Jara R, Michel L (2012) Cambios fisiológicos physiological changes associated with normal aging. Rev Med Clin Mondes 23(1):19–29.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0716-8640(12)70269-9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    d’Hyver C, Gutiérrez L (2014) Geriatría. Manual moderno, BogotáGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Patricia A, Lydia L, Hugo S, Daniel B, Luis SJ, Cecilia A (2007) Indicadores antropométricos, composición corporal y limitaciones funcionales en ancianos. Rev Médica Chile 135:846–854Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Konczak J, Meeuwsen HJ, Cress ME (1992) Changing affordances in stair climbing: the perception of maximum climbability in young and older adults. J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 18(3):691–697.  https://doi.org/10.1037/0096-1523.18.3.691CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Broome K, Nalder E, Worrall L, Boldy D (2010) Age-friendly buses? A comparison of reported barriers and facilitators to bus use for younger and older adults. Australas J Ageing 29(1):33–38.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-6612.2009.00382.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Norma general de carácter técnico sm/imtj/002/2014, que especifica las características que deben tener los vehículos para el servicio público de transporte de pasajeros masivo y colectivo en su modalidad de urbano, conurbado o metropolitano, S. Y. C. E. P. E. E. D. J. (2014) Viernes 9 de mayo de 2014Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía (2016) Camiones de pasajeros registrados en circulación, 2016. Mayo 26, 2018, de Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía Sitio web. http://www.beta.inegi.org.mx/app/indicadores/?ind=1011000058#divFV1011000058#D1011000058Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ávila-Chaurand R, Prado-León LR, González-Muñoz E (2007) Dimensiones antropométricas de población latinoamericana. Universidad de Guadalajara, GuadalajaraGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Petz J (1993) Ambulant disabled persons using buses: experiments with entrances and seats. Appl Ergon 24(5):313–326CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Aceves-gonzález C, May A, Cook S (2016) An observational comparison of the older and younger bus passenger experience in a developing world city experience in a developing world city. Ergonomics 59(6):840–850.  https://doi.org/10.1080/00140139.2015.1091513CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of GuadalajaraGuadalajaraMexico
  2. 2.Ergonomics Research CenterUniversity of GuadalajaraGuadalajaraMexico

Personalised recommendations