6Ws in Ergonomics Workplace Design

  • Justine M. Y. ChimEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 824)


A workplace should have good consideration of ergonomics in the design which can prevent musculoskeletal discomfort, improve productivity and work efficiency, reduce production costs and optimize human well-being. This paper aims to summarize the six aspects of applying ergonomics principles in workplace design. This paper will answer the following questions: (1) Why should ergonomics principles be used in workplace design? (2) Who should be consulted and considered in workplace design? (3) When should ergonomics principles be used in workplace design? (4) Where should ergonomics be applied in workplace design? (5) How should ergonomics be used in workplace design? (6) What are the ergonomics principles in workplace design? Workplace design should consider the full spectrum of user groups with different physical and psychological needs. Ergonomics should be considered well in the design stage and the pre-occupant and post-occupant inspections should be used to evaluate the actual environment. The design should consider both the work and non-work area in the workplace including the design of workstations, staff facilities, tools and work environment. Accommodation of special needs users should be well-considered. Staff consultation with all relevant parties should be organized in the design stage for collecting the opinions of the staff. A good workplace design can enhance employees’ satisfaction and well-being. The environmental comfort model has three levels of comfort: (a) physical comfort; (b) functional comfort; and (c) psychological comfort. In addition, good environmental quality will create a higher quality of employees’ work life and ultimately will have a positive effect on employees’ well-being and quality of life. In conclusion, ergonomic workplace design can facilitate occupational safety and health, work efficiency and employee well-being.


Ergonomics Ergonomics workplace design Workplace comfort Workspace Employees’ work life Prevent musculoskeletal disorders 



This work was supported by Chim’s Ergonomics and Safety Limited. The paper was prepared by considering the real case experience from working with clients in workplace design and applies the ergonomics principles in the whole design process.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chim’s Ergonomics and Safety LimitedHong KongChina

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