Advertisement

Comparison of Ergonomic Training and Knee Pad Using Effects on the Saffron Pickers Musculoskeletal Disorders

  • Nasrin Sadeghi
  • Mojtaba Emkani
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 825)

Abstract

Saffron picking is the job that capable to create a field for musculoskeletal disorders due to inappropriate working positions such as bending, kneeling and pressure that imposed to the body in these positions. The purpose of this study was compare two methods contain knee pad and training pamphlet application to prevent and reduce musculoskeletal disorders in saffron pickers. This survey was randomized clinical trial with register number IRCT2012100811043N1. Samples included 60 persons of saffron picker workers. Sampling was random & easy and used tools were including REBA, Body Discomfort Chart (BDC). During the saffron harvest before intervention take code to parts of workers bodies based on the REBA method. Workers discomfort levels were determined by BDC questionnaire. These steps are repeated after the intervention. Then the data entered into SPSS software version 16 and data analysis were performed with statistical tests (Mann–Whitney and t-test). BDC questionnaire analysis indicated a significant effect on the knee discomfort after knee pad using (P = 0.0004). But in the upper back (P = 0.27) and lower back discomfort (P = 0.12) had no significant effect. Also, REBA analysis results indicate a significant impact of the training pamphlet intervention on the scores: A (P = 0.025), C (P = 0.027) and final (P = 0.028). But no significant effect on B table scores (P = 1.000). According to the results, the effect of training pamphlets was higher than kneepad using. Probably, both interventional methods can be appropriate methods to prevent and reduce knee and trunk discomforts of saffron pickers.

Keywords

Musculoskeletal disorders REBA BDC Saffron pickers Ergonomic training Knee pad 

Notes

Acknowledgment

We appreciate the research deputy of GMU who sponsored the project, as well as diligent farmers who participated in this project.

References

  1. 1.
    Motamedzade M, Saedpanah K, Salimi K, Eskandari T (2016) Risk assessment of musculoskeletal disorders by muscle fatigue assessment method and implementation of an ergonomic intervention in assembly industry. J Occup Health Eng 38(1)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Jalali Naeini SGh (2002) Ergonomics place in Iran and world. In: National conference on ergonomics in industry and production, 1st edn. Tehran, pp 25–34Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Mouodi MA, Hasanzadeh H (2004) CTD from ergonomics and occupational medicine viewpoint (along with postures analysis techniques), vol 150. Abasaleh-Hayan Publication, Tehran [Persian book]Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Nasl Saraji J, Ghaffari M, Shahtaheri S (2006) Survey of correlation between two evaluation method of work related musculoskeletal disorders risk factors REBA & RULA. Iran Occup Health J 7(2)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Walker-Bone K, Palmer K (2002) Musculoskeletal disorders in farmers and farm workers. Occup Med 52(8):441–450CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Razavi Asl S, Ezzatian R (2006) Occupational health in agricultural sector, 1st edn. Andishe Mandegar Publication, QomGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Levy BS, Wegman DH (2000) Occupational health recognizing and preventing work-related disease, 4th edn. Little Brown, BostonGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Davis KG, Kotowski SE (2007) Understanding the ergonomic risk for musculoskeletal disorders in the United States agricultural sector. Am J Ind Med 50(7):501–511CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Osborne A, Blake C, McNamara J, Meredith D, Phelan J, Cunningham C (2010) Musculoskeletal disorders among Irish farmers. Occup Med 60:598–603CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Sadeghi N, Delshad A, Fani MJ (2010) REBA method posture analysis in Saffron pickers in Gonabad. Horiz Med Sci 15(4):47–53 [Persian]Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Choobineh A (2004) Posture assessment methods in occupational ergonomics. Fanavaran Publication, Hamedan [Persian book]Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Molteni G, De Vito G, Sias N, Grieco A (1995) Epidemiology of musculoskeletal disorders caused by biomechanical overload (WMSDs). La Medicina del Lavoro 87(6):469–481Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Bernard BP (1997) Musculoskeletal disorders and workplace factors: a critical review of epidemiologic evidence for work-related musculoskeletal disorders of the neck, upper extremity, and low back. NIOSHGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Xiao H, McCurdy SA, Stoecklin Marois MT, Li CS, Schenker MB (2013) Agricultural work and chronic musculoskeletal pain among Latino farm workers: the MICASA study. Am J Ind Med 56(2):216–225CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Allen KD, Chen J-C, Callahan LF, Golightly YM, Helmick CG, Renner JB et al (2010) Associations of occupational tasks with knee and hip osteoarthritis. Johnston county osteoarthritis project. J Rheumatol 37(4):842–845CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    McAtamney L, Hignett SREBA (2000) Rapid entire body assessment. Appl Ergon 31:201–205CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Mouodi M, Hasanzadeh H (2004) CTD from ergonomics and occupational medicine viewpoint. Hayyan 9–15Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Hansen BL, Ward JC, Diehl RC Jr (1985) The preventive use of the Anderson knee stabler in football. Physician Sportsmed 13(9):75–81CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Hewson JR, George F, Mendini RA, Wang JB (1986) Prophylactic knee bracing in college football. Am J Sports Med 14(4):262–266CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Griffin LY, Albohm MJ, Arendt EA, Bahr R, Beynnon BD, DeMaio M et al (2006) Understanding and preventing noncontact anterior cruciate ligament injuries: a review of the Hunt Valley II meeting, January 2005. Am J sports Med 34(9):1512–1532CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Paulos LE, France EP, Rosenberg TD, Jayaraman G, Abbott PJ, Jaen J (1987) The biomechanics of lateral knee bracing: part I: response of the valgus restraints to loading. Am J Sports Med 15(5):419–429CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Sitler M, Ryan CJ, Hopkinson LW, Wheeler LJ, Santomier J, Kolb LR et al (1990) The efficacy of a prophylactic knee brace to reduce knee injuries in football: a prospective, randomized study at West Point. Am J Sports Med 18(3):310–315CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Beach J, DeBiase C (1998) Assessment of ergonomic education in dental hygiene curricula. J Dent Educ 62(6):421–425Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Derebery J, Giang GM, Gatchel RJ, Erickson K, Fogarty TW (2009) Efficacy of a patient-educational booklet for neck-pain patients with workers’ compensation: a randomized controlled trial. Spine 34(2):206–213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Karimi A, Mozafari F, kamaledini H, Jokar S (2011) The effectiveness of therapeutic exercises and general care by educational booklet on reduction of neck pain. Res Rehabilitation Sci 6(2)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Azizi A, Amirian F, Amirian M (2008) To compare the evaluation of HIV/AIDS female high school peer education with lecture by physician and pamphlets in Kermanshah. Iran J Epidemiol 3-4(4):71–76 [Persian]Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Mouemeni E, Malekzadeh JM (2000) Comparing the effect of pamphlet versus lecture on the nutritional knowledge of health communicators. Yasuj J Med Sci 19–20(5):49–54Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Occupational Health EngineeringKerman University of Medical SciencesKermanIran
  2. 2.Department of Occupational Health EngineeringGonabad University of Medical SciencesGonabadIran

Personalised recommendations