Advertisement

Life After Life: Spiritual Life in Christianity

  • Lucas John Mix
Chapter

Abstract

Christian theology began to truly divide physiology and psychology with the introduction of a second life. In Jewish thinking, all life was an expression of Divine action in the world. The New Testament shows elements of this, but also speaks of a second birth and a second death. Spiritual life became associated with this new life and with resurrection, each of which had vegetable, animal, and rational elements. Trying to understand biology in light of both Greek souls and the New Testament, the earliest Christian authors took two approaches. Tertullian embraced the materialist approach of the Stoics while Origen embraced the transcendent approach of Plato.

References

  1. Bynum, Caroline Walker. The Resurrection of the Body in Western Christianity, 200–1336. New York: Columbia University Press, 1995.Google Scholar
  2. Cooper, John W. Body, Soul, and Life Everlasting. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1989.Google Scholar
  3. Edwards, Mark J. “Origen.” In Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Spring 2014 ed. Stanford University, 1997–. https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/spr2014/entries/origen/.
  4. Green, Joel B. Body, Soul, and Human Life. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2008.Google Scholar
  5. Gregory of Nyssa. The Soul and the Resurrection. Translated by Catharine P. Roth. Popular Patristics Series 12. Crestwood, NY: St. Vladamir’s Seminary Press, 1993. Google Scholar
  6. Heckel, Theo K. “Body and Soul in Saint Paul.” In Psyche and Soma: Physicians and Metaphysicians on the Mind-Body Problem from Antiquity to Enlightenment, edited by John P. Wright and Paul Potter, 117–131. Oxford: Clarendon, 2000.Google Scholar
  7. Martin, Dale B. The Corinthian Body. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1995.Google Scholar
  8. Martin, Raymond, and John Barresi. The Rise and Fall of Soul and Self: An Intellectual History of Personal Identity. New York: Columbia University Press, 2006.Google Scholar
  9. Murphy, Nancey. Bodies and Souls, or Spirited Bodies? New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. New Oxford Annotated Bible: New Revised Standard Version with the Apocrypha (NRSV). Edited by Michael D. Coogan. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.Google Scholar
  11. Origen. On First Principles. Translated by G.W. Butterworth. New York: Harper and Row, 1966. Google Scholar
  12. Origen. Against Celsus. Translated by F. Crombie. The Ante-Nicene Fathers 4. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1979.Google Scholar
  13. Origen. Homilies on Genesis and Exodus. Translated by Ronald E. Heine. The Fathers of the Church 71. Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press, 1982.Google Scholar
  14. Tertullian. De Anima. Amsterdam: J. M. Muelenhoff, 1947.Google Scholar
  15. Tertullian. Treatise on the Soul. Translated by Peter Holmes. The Ante-Nicene Fathers 1. Buffalo, NY: Christian Literature Publishing, 1885. Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lucas John Mix
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Organismic and Evolutionary BiologyHarvard UniversityCambridgeUSA

Personalised recommendations