How Do Smart Cities Impact on Sustainable Urban Growth and on Opportunities for Entrepreneurship? Evidence from Portugal: The Case of Águeda

  • Gonçalo SantinhaEmail author
  • Ana Dias
  • Mário Rodrigues
  • Alexandra Queirós
  • Carlos Rodrigues
  • Nelson Pacheco Rocha
Part of the Studies on Entrepreneurship, Structural Change and Industrial Dynamics book series (ESID)


This chapter presents a case study that illustrates how the local structures of a developing medium-sized city in Portugal have been capable of, in times of public budget shortfalls, introducing structural changes based on the conceptualization of a smart city. Focusing on the case of Águeda, a city whose population is currently around 48 thousand inhabitants and whose economy is heavily based on manufacturing industries, with a predominance of micro-enterprises, the study explores how the concept of smart city has emerged and has been applied in a specific context and accordingly the extent to which public value has been generated.


Smart city Label Living lab Collaboration 



The authors express their gratitude to the invaluable cooperation of all interviewees.


  1. Allwinkle, S., & Cruickshank, P. (2011). Creating smarter cities: An overview. Journal of Urban Technology, 18(2), 1–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Angelidou, M. (2014). Smart city policies: A spatial approach. Cities, 41(Suppl. 1), S3–S11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Baccarne, B., Logghe, S., Schuurman, D., & De Marez, L. (2016). Governing quintuple helix innovation: Urban living labs and socio-ecological entrepreneurship. Technology Innovation Management Review, 6(3), 22–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bell, C. (1992). Ritual theory, ritual practice. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Câmara Municipal de Águeda. (2013). Águeda uma Visão/Águeda a Vision. Bilingue edition PT & EN.Google Scholar
  6. Concilio, G., & Rizzo, F. (2016). Human smart cities: Rethinking the interplay between design and planning. Dordrecht: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cosgrave, E., Arbuthnot, K., & Tryfonas, T. (2013). Living labs, innovation districts and information marketplaces: A systems approach for smart cities. Procedia Computer Science, 16, 668–677.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Davoudi, S., Brooks, E., & Mehmood, A. (2013). Evolutionary resilience and strategies for climate adaptation. Planning Practice & Research, 28(3), 307–322.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Eskelinen, J., García Robles, A., Lindy, I., Marsh, J., & Muente-Kunigami, A. (2015). Citizen-driven innovation: A guidebook for city Mayors and public administrators. World bank and ENoLL.Google Scholar
  10. Giffinger, R., & Gudrun, H. (2010). Smart cities ranking: An effective instrument for the positioning of the cities? ACE: Architecture, City and Environment, 4(12), 7–26.Google Scholar
  11. Guerra, I. C. (2006). Pesquisa Qualitativa e Análise de Conteúdo: Sentidos e formas de uso. Lucerna.Google Scholar
  12. Hollands, R. G. (2008). Will the real smart city please stand up? Intelligent, progressive or entrepreneurial? City, 12(3), 303–320.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Lazaroiu, G. C., & Roscia, M. (2012). Definition methodology for the smart cities model. Energy, 47(1), 326–332.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Manville, C., Cochrane, G., Cave, J., Millard, J., Pederson, J. K., Kåre Thaarup, R., et al. (2014). Mapping smart cities in the EU. Directorate geneal for internal policies, policy department A: Economic and scientific policy.
  15. Meijer, A., & Bolívar, M. P. (2016). Governing the smart city: A review of the literature on smart urban governance. International Review of Administrative Sciences, 82(2), 392–408.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Oliveira, Á., Campolargo, M., & Martins, M. (2015). Constructing human smart cities. In International conference on smart cities and green ICT systems (pp. 32–49). Lisbon: Springer.Google Scholar
  17. Santinha, G., & Castro, E. A. (2010). Creating more intelligent cities: The role of ICT in promoting territorial governance. Journal of Urban Technology, 77–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Throgmorton, J. A. (1993). Planning as a rhetorical activity: Survey research as a trope in arguments about electric power planning in Chicago. Journal of the American Planning Association, 59(3), 334–346.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Winters, J. V. (2011). Why are smart cities growing? Who moves and who stays. Journal of Regional Science, 51(2), 253–270.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Yin, R. K. (2017). Case study research: Design and methods (6th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gonçalo Santinha
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ana Dias
    • 2
  • Mário Rodrigues
    • 3
  • Alexandra Queirós
    • 4
  • Carlos Rodrigues
    • 1
  • Nelson Pacheco Rocha
    • 5
  1. 1.DCSPT & GOVCOPPUniversity of AveiroAveiroPortugal
  2. 2.DEGEIT & GOVCOPPUniversity of AveiroAveiroPortugal
  3. 3.ESTGA & IEETAUniversity of AveiroÁguedaPortugal
  4. 4.ESSUA & IEETAUniversity of AveiroAveiroPortugal
  5. 5.DCM & IEETAUniversity of AveiroAveiroPortugal

Personalised recommendations