Advertisement

How Social Entrepreneurship Promotes Sustainable Development: With Some Examples from Developed and Developing Countries

  • Paulo Bento
  • Marc Jacquinet
  • Rosana Albuquerque
Chapter
Part of the Studies on Entrepreneurship, Structural Change and Industrial Dynamics book series (ESID)

Abstract

This chapter aims to show how social entrepreneurship contributes to solving persistent and complex problems in various parts of the world, in developed and developing countries, and, this way, how it contributes to sustainable development. By the theory review, research has focused on the activity of social enterprises. Considering the impact that social entrepreneurship has in the communities, there appears to be a clear surplus between results and resources used, both material and human, with a substantial incidence of volunteering. From the results of our study, including the examples of social enterprises presented, it is possible to imagine how empowering communities can contribute to a more sustainable future. Social entrepreneurship is still recent regarding its academic study, and several authors such as Roberts and Woods (Europe 7:45–51, 2000) or Parente et al. (Empreendedorismo social: Contributos teóricos para a sua definição, 2011) refer the scarcity and some confusion still existing in the literature. This work can help improve this picture. This chapter can contribute, in a relevant way, for the knowledge of how social entrepreneurship has an impact on the dynamics of the territories where it operates. And it goes beyond the more traditional approach, considering not only the situation in developing regions but also addressing social entrepreneurship in developed countries.

Keywords

Social entrepreneurship Sustainable development Social capital Developing countries Poverty reduction Developed countries Sustainability 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors deeply acknowledge the valuable contribution of the anonymous reviewers to achieve the final version of this manuscript.

References

  1. Albuquerque, R. L. S. (2008). Associativismo, capital social e mobilidade – Contributos para o estudo da participação associativa de descendentes de imigrantes africanos lusófonos em Portugal [Associativism, Social capital and mobility – Contributions to the study of the associative participation of descendants of Portuguese-speaking African immigrants in Portugal]. Ph.D. thesis in sociology, Universidade Aberta [Open University of Portugal], Lisbon.Google Scholar
  2. Anheier, H. K. (2005). A dictionary of civil society, philanthropy and the third sector. London: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ashoka. (n.d.) [Web page]. Retrieved June 15, 2017, from https://www.ashoka.org/en/faq
  4. Baker, S. (2006). Sustainable development. London: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bento, P. (2016). Inovação e Capital Social em Empreendedorismo Social para a Redução da Pobreza [Innovation and social capital in social entrepreneurship for poverty reduction]. Ph.D. thesis on social sustainability and development. Universidade Aberta [Open University of Portugal], Lisbon. Available at https://repositorioaberto.uab.pt/handle/10400.2/5869
  6. Bina, O., & Soromenho-Marques, V. (2008). Inequality, trust and opportunity. Chinadialogue. Available at http://www.chinadialogue.net/article/show/single/en/2535-Inequality-trust-and-opportunity
  7. Bornstein, D., & Davis, S. (2010). Social entrepreneurship: What everyone needs to know. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Borzaga, C., & Defourny, J. (Eds.). (2004). The emergence of social enterprise (Vol. 4). Hove: Psychology Press.Google Scholar
  9. Caldwell, K., Harris, S. P., & Renko, M. (2012). The potential of social entrepreneurship: Conceptual tools for applying citizenship theory to policy and practice. Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 50(6), 505–518.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Center for Social Innovation. (n.d.). [Web page]. Retrieved June 10, 2017, from https://socialinnovation.org/impact/acceleration/
  11. Certo, S., & Miller, T. (2008). Social entrepreneurship: Key issues and concepts. Business Horizons, 51(4), 267–271.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bushor.2008.02.009CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Cherian, A. (2009). Bridging the divide between poverty reduction and climate change through sustainable and innovative energy technologies. New York: Environment and Energy Group, United Nations.Google Scholar
  13. Collier, P. (2002). Social capital and poverty: A microeconomic perspective. In The role of social capital in development: An empirical assessment (pp. 19–41). New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Costanza, R., & Daly, H. E. (1992). Natural capital and sustainable development. Conservation Biology, 6(1), 37–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Cutter, A., Osborn, D., Romano, J., & Ullah, F. (2015). Sustainable development goals and integration: Achieving a better balance between the economic, social and environmental dimensions. Stakeholder Forum. German Council for Sustainable Development.Google Scholar
  16. Dale, A., & Hill, S. B. (2001). At the edge: Sustainable development in the 21st century (Vol. 6). Vancouver: UBC Press.Google Scholar
  17. Daly, H. E. (1990). Toward some operational principles of sustainable development. Ecological Economics, 2(1), 1–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Darabi, M., Soltani, H., Nazari, K., & Emami, M. (2012). Social entrepreneurship: A critical review of the concept. Journal of Applied Sciences Research, 8(6), 2932–2940.Google Scholar
  19. Decanay, M. L. (2006). Social entrepreneurship: An Asian perspective. In International perspectives in social entrepreneurship (p. 6). Basingstoke: Palgrave MacmillanGoogle Scholar
  20. Dees, J. G. (1998). The meaning of social entrepreneurship (rev. ed., 2001). Kauffman Centre for Entrepreneurial Leadership. Available at http://tinyurl.com/86g2a6
  21. Dees, J. G., Anderson, B. B., & Wei-Skillern, J. (2002). Pathways to social impact: Strategies for scaling out successful social innovations. Boston: Division of Research, Harvard Business School.Google Scholar
  22. Dyllick, T., & Hockerts, K. (2002). Beyond the business case for corporate sustainability. Business Strategy and the Environment, 11(2), 130–141.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Enterprising Non-Profits. (2010). The Canadian social enterprise guide (2nd ed.). Vancouver, BC: Enterprising Non-Profits. ISBN: 978-0-9739216-1-8. Available in www.enterprisingnonprofits.ca
  24. European Commission. (n.d.). Social innovation [Web page]. Retrieved September 5, 2017, from http://ec.europa.eu/growth/industry/innovation/policy/social_pt
  25. Foundation, G. (n.d.). [Web page]. Retrieved June 15, 2017, from www.grameenfoundation.org
  26. Fowler, A. (2000). NGDOs as a moment in history: Beyond aid to social entrepreneurship or civic innovation? Third World Quarterly, 21(4), 637–654.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Google. (n.d.). [Web page]. Retrieved September 6, 2017, from https://www.google.com
  28. Google Scholar. (n.d.). [Web page]. Retrieved September 6, 2017, from https://scholar.google.com
  29. Granovetter, M. (1995). Getting a job: A study of contacts and careers. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  30. Hails, C., Loh, J., & Goldfinger, S. (2006). Living planet report 2006. Gland/London/Oakland: WWF International/Institute of Zoology/Global Footprint Network.Google Scholar
  31. Harding, R., & Cowling, M. (2006). Social entrepreneurship monitor. London: Global Entrepreneurship Monitor. Available in http://tinyurl.com/p3st9sb
  32. IISD. (n.d.). What is sustainable development? [Web page]. Retrieved November 13, 2015, from https://www.iisd.org/sd/
  33. Jacquinet, M. (2008). A gestão do conhecimento e a renovação das economias capitalistas num mundo globalizado: Uma análise crítica dos discursos e das realidades europeias [The management of knowledge and the renewal of capitalist economies in a globalized world: A critical analysis of European discourses and realities]. In VI Congresso Português de Sociologia: Mundos sociais: Saberes e práticas. Lisbon: Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas. Retrieved February 16, 2015, from http://www.aps.pt/vicongresso/pdfs/658.pdf
  34. Jordan, A. (2008). The governance of sustainable development: Taking stock and looking forwards. Environment and Planning C, Government & Policy, 26(1), 17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Joshi, M., Tiwari, S. P., & Joshi, V. (2007). Corporate social responsibility: Global perspective, competitiveness, social entrepreneurship & innovation. Competitiveness, Social Entrepreneurship & Innovation. SSRN. Available in http://ssrn.com/paper=999348
  36. Krishnamurthy, B. V., & Jalnawalla, D. D. (2011). VGKK and Karuna Trust: Inclusive growth and sustainable development. Available at SSRN 1966495.Google Scholar
  37. Lafferty, W. M., & Meadowcroft, J. (2000). Introduction. Implementing sustainable development: Strategies and initiatives in high consumption societies (pp. 1–21). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  38. Lasprogata, G. A., & Cotton, M. N. (2003). Contemplating “enterprise”: The business and legal challenges of social entrepreneurship. American Business Law Journal, 41(1), 67–113.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Lepoutre, J., Justo, R., Terjesen, S., & Bosma, N. (2013). Designing a global standardized methodology for measuring social entrepreneurship activity: The global entrepreneurship monitor social entrepreneurship study. Small Business Economics, 40(3), 693–714.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. LinkedIn. (n.d.). [Webpage]. Available in http://www.linkedin.com
  41. Magazine, F. (2011). The world’s billionaires 2011: Inside the list. Forbes Online. Available in http://tinyurl.com/mkygcxv
  42. Mair, J., & Marti, I. (2006). Social entrepreneurship research: A source of explanation, prediction, and delight. Journal of World Business, 41(1), 36–44.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jwb.2005.09.002. Available at http://tinyurl.com/nbjkszfCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Mathur, A. (2011). Social entrepreneurs and the vision to build the society with ethical sustainability. Information Management and Business Review, 2(4), 154–161.Google Scholar
  44. MIES. (n.d.). [Web page]. Retrieved April 2, 2015, from http://www.map.mies.pt/
  45. Muscat, E., & Whitty, M. (2009). Social entrepreneurship: Values-based leadership to transform business education and society. The Business Renaissance Quarterly, 4, 31–44.Google Scholar
  46. Neck, H., Brush, C., & Allen, E. (2009). The landscape of social entrepreneurship. Business Horizons, 52(1), 13–19.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bushor.2008.09.002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Nicholls, A. (2009). ‘We do good things, don’t we?’: ‘Blended value accounting’ in social entrepreneurship. Accounting, Organizations and Society, 34(6), 755–769.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aos.2009.04.008CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Nussbaum, M. C. (2011). Creating capabilities. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Oxfam. (n.d.). [Web page]. Retrieved June 15, 2017, from www.oxfam.org
  50. Parente, C., Santos, M., Chaves, R. R., & Costa, D. (2011). Empreendedorismo social: Contributos teóricos para a sua definição [Social Entrepreneurship: Theoretical contributions for its definition]. Lisboa.Google Scholar
  51. PIN. (2012). 2011 People in Need, 4-66. People in Need.Google Scholar
  52. PIN. (n.d.). [Web page]. Retrieved June 10, 2017, from https://www.clovekvtisni.cz/en/Our-Finance-Management
  53. Population Reference Bureau. (2011). World population data sheet. Population Reference Bureau. Available at http://www.prb.org/pdf11/2011population-data-sheet_eng.pdf
  54. Pretty, J. N., Morison, J. I. L., & Hine, R. E. (2003). Reducing food poverty by increasing agricultural sustainability in developing countries. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 95(1), 217–234.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Prizeman, G., & Crossan, D. (2011). Mapping social entrepreneurial enterprises in Ireland. Initiative on social entrepreneurship, Trinity College Dublin.Google Scholar
  56. Redclift, M. (2005). Sustainable development (1987–2005): An oxymoron comes of age. Sustainable Development, 13(4), 212–227.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Robert, K. W., Parris, T. M., & Leiserowitz, A. A. (2005). What is sustainable development? Goals, indicators, values, and practice. Environment: Science and policy for sustainable development, 47(3), 8–21.Google Scholar
  58. Roberts, B. D., & Woods, C. (2000). Changing the world on a shoestring: The concept of social entrepreneurship. Europe, 7(1), 45–51. Available in http://tinyurl.com/pzbnum5
  59. Sakurai, M. (2008, July). Social entrepreneur and resource mobilization: The role of social capital. In ISTR 8th international conference and 2nd EMES-ISTR European conference. Barcelona: Universitat de Barcelona.Google Scholar
  60. Sarkis, J., Helms, M. M., & Hervani, A. A. (2010). Reverse logistics and social sustainability. Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, 17(6), 337–354.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Seelos, C., Mair, J., Battilana, J., & Dacin, M. T. (2011). The embeddedness of social entrepreneurship: Understanding variation across local communities. Communities and Organizations – Research in the Sociology of Organizations, 33, 333–363.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Sharir, M., & Lerner, M. (2006). Gauging the success of social ventures initiated by individual social entrepreneurs. Journal of World Business, 41(1), 6–20.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jwb.2005.09.004CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Smith, W. K., Gonin, M., & Besharov, M. L. (2013). Managing social-business tensions: A review and research agenda for social enterprise. Business Ethics Quarterly, 23(03), 407–442.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Sneddon, C., Howarth, R. B., & Norgaard, R. B. (2006). Sustainable development in a post-Brundtland world. Ecological Economics, 57(2), 253–268.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Tonn, B. E. (2004). Integrated 1000-year planning. Futures, 36(1), 91–108.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. UN/DESA. (2013). World economic and social survey 2013, Sustainable development challenges. New York: UN/DESA. Retrieved April 13, 2015, from http://tinyurl.com/qxcuvzc
  67. UNESCO. (2010). Four dimensions of sustainable development [Online]. Retrieved April 12, 2015, from http://tinyurl.com/gnhpmcz
  68. UNRIC. (n.d.). Objetivos de desenvolvimento sustentável [Web page]. Retrieved December 19, 2015, from http://tinyurl.com/juuek8c
  69. UNSDSN. (2012). A framework for sustainable development. Retrieved April 16, 2015, from http://unsdsn.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/02/121220-Draft-Framework-of-Sustainable-Development1.pdf
  70. UPorto. (n.d.). [Web page]. Available in http://web3.letras.up.pt/empsoc/index.php
  71. Vision, I. O. C. (2012). The future we want. Retrieved October 14, 2017, from http://mirror.unhabitat.org/downloads/docs/11279_1_594479.pdf
  72. Wang, J. (2012). HRD for societal development: What can we learn from social entrepreneurship in the developing world? Advances in Developing Human Resources, 14(3), 305–317.  https://doi.org/10.1177/1523422312446145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. WCED. (1987). Our common future [The Brundtland Report] (Vol. 383) . Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  74. World Bank. (n.d.). Poverty [online]. Available in http://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/poverty
  75. World Vision. (n.d.-a). [Web page]. Retrieved June 15, 2017, from www.worldvision.org
  76. World Vision. (n.d.-b). How a community is transformed: Helping communities discover their own path from poverty to self-sustainability. World Vision.Google Scholar
  77. Yeoh, P. (2012). Social entrepreneurship: Social enterprise governance. Business Law Review, 33, 232–244.Google Scholar
  78. Zahra, S. A., Gedajlovic, E., Neubaum, D. O., & Shulman, J. M. (2009). A typology of social entrepreneurs: Motives, search processes and ethical challenges. Journal of Business Venturing, 24(5), 519–532.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusvent.2008.04.007CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Zietsma, C., & Tuck, R. (2012). First, do no harm: Evaluating resources for teaching social entrepreneurship. Academy of Management Learning & Education, 11(3), 512–517.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paulo Bento
    • 1
  • Marc Jacquinet
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Rosana Albuquerque
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Centre of Studies on Migrations and Intercultural Relations (CEMRI)Portuguese Open UniversityLisbonPortugal
  2. 2.Social Sciences and Management DepartmentPortuguese Open UniversityLisbonPortugal
  3. 3.Research Center for Spatial and Organizational Dynamics (CIEO)University of AlgarveFaroPortugal

Personalised recommendations