Irish Question or Irish Connection? Irish Catholics in North America Through the “Roman” Lens
In the nineteenth century Ireland was affected by a massive emigration. This mass-scale emigration was not unnoticed by the Holy See. Indeed with the end of the Napoleonic Wars in 1815 the Roman authorities received a growing number of letters, petitions, and reports from the members of the Irish Catholic clergy who operated among their fellow countrymen in Canada and the United States. This essay will focus on how and to what extent the Holy See reacted to this dramatic phenomenon, and how it sought to provide assistance to the Irish Catholics in North America.