Economic Sociology of the Shadow Education Market
The previous chapter examined the varieties of market actors’ behavior, arguing that market relations through shadow education created opportunities for unethical competition among teachers and accentuated corrupting risks in schools. This chapter will look at the economic sociology of shadow education and discuss core aspects of economy, such as the price of tutoring, price formation, verbal contracts, and different means of compensation including barter economy and gift-giving. The chapter shows how both economic and social factors influenced the shadow education market structure and dynamics.
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