Life Cycle Environmental Impact Analysis of HDPE Packaging Materials for Different Disposal Options

  • Merve Mermertaş
  • Fatos Germirli BabunaEmail author
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)


The aim of this study is to evaluate the environmental impacts of high-density polyethylene (HDPE) packaging materials with the help of life cycle methodology. The production of HDPE plastics has two consecutive steps of granulate production and blow molding. When production of HDPE and transportation stages are considered, highest shares in global warming potential (GWP), photochemical ozone creation potential (POCP), acidification potential (AP), and eutrophication potential (EP) are due to granulate production. On the other hand, blow molding is the main contributor to ozone depletion potential (ODP) with regard to production and transportation stages. Incineration is observed to exert positive impacts on POCP, AP, and EP. Recycling has positive effect on all impact categories except EP. Besides, as landfilling elevates environmental impacts, it is not recommended as an end-of-life fate for HDPE packaging wastes.


Life cycle assessment Plastics High-density polyethylene Environmental impacts Sustainability 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Environmental EngineeringIstanbul Technical UniversityIstanbulTurkey

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