Advertisement

Life Cycle Environmental Impact Analysis of HDPE Packaging Materials for Different Disposal Options

  • Merve Mermertaş
  • Fatos Germirli BabunaEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)

Abstract

The aim of this study is to evaluate the environmental impacts of high-density polyethylene (HDPE) packaging materials with the help of life cycle methodology. The production of HDPE plastics has two consecutive steps of granulate production and blow molding. When production of HDPE and transportation stages are considered, highest shares in global warming potential (GWP), photochemical ozone creation potential (POCP), acidification potential (AP), and eutrophication potential (EP) are due to granulate production. On the other hand, blow molding is the main contributor to ozone depletion potential (ODP) with regard to production and transportation stages. Incineration is observed to exert positive impacts on POCP, AP, and EP. Recycling has positive effect on all impact categories except EP. Besides, as landfilling elevates environmental impacts, it is not recommended as an end-of-life fate for HDPE packaging wastes.

Keywords

Life cycle assessment Plastics High-density polyethylene Environmental impacts Sustainability 

References

  1. 1.
    TPIF (2017) Turkish Plastics Sector Monitoring Report, Turkish Plastic Industry Foundation PAGEV, p 33Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    SPA (2015) Chemical Industry Working Group Report, State Planning Agency, 10th Development Plan, Ankara, p 89Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Brandt B, Pilz H (2011) The Impact of plastic packaging on life cycle energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions in Europe. http://denkstatt-group.com/files/the_impact_of_plastic_packaging_on_life_cycle_energy_consumption_and_greenhouse_gas_emissions_in_europe.pdf. Accessed 25 Mar 2018
  4. 4.
    Elduque A, Elduque D, Javierre C, Fernandez A, Santolaria J (2015) Environmental impact analysis of the injection molding process: analysis of the processing of high-density polyethylene parts. J Clean Prod 108:80–89CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ebottles (2018) Plastic bottle resin materials. https://www.ebottles.com/resins.html. Accessed 01 Jan 2018
  6. 6.
    US EPA (2016) Waste reduction WARM model. https://www.epa.gov/warm. Accessed 05 Jan 2018
  7. 7.
    GaBi (2016) GaBi DB Version 6.115. Software and database for life cycle engineering. LBP, University of Stuttgart and PE International AG, Leinfelden-EchterdingenGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    ISO (2004) ISO 14001:2004 environmental management system requirements standardGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    US EPA (2012) TRACI 2.1. Tool for the reduction and assessment of chemical and other environmental impact. EPA/600/R-12/554, p 24Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Brogaard LK, Damgaard A, Jensen MB, Barlaz M, Chistensen TH (2014) Evaluation of life cycle inventory data for recycling systems. Resour Conserv Recycl 88:30–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Environmental EngineeringIstanbul Technical UniversityIstanbulTurkey

Personalised recommendations