Citizenship In-between: A Case Study of Tibetan Refugees in India
Yamamoto’s chapter features Tibetan refugees in India and partly in Nepal, and explores how citizenship-related issues have been causing controversies and revisions of legal interpretations and policies in regards to Tibetan refugees under a dual legal system of the Government of India and the Central Tibetan Administration since the 2010s. Yamamoto clarifies that rulings in regard to giving Indian citizenship to Tibetan refugees meeting the requirements have legally been divided between those who can be Indian citizens and others who cannot be, and been similarly making invisible the existence of “unofficial” Tibetan refugees who have been seeking Tibetan citizenship in both a material and religious sense. Yamamoto shows how the Indian legal order not only enables some Tibetan refugees in India to participate in Indian democracy as Indian citizens, but also disables other Tibetan refugees in India from being legally and officially recognized as Tibetan refugees.
I would like to especially thank Lobsang Wangyal, Thupten Tenzin and Tendar for sharing their time.
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