Flexibility, Vision and Foresight in the Planning for Tomorrow’s Smart City

  • Joseph N. Pelton
  • Indu B. Singh


As a sage wag once observed: “The future is not what it used to be.” We truly live in a time of future compression, where change sometimes seems to be spiraling out of control as we zoom into Tomorrowland. Planning for a smart city that has sufficient legs to remain current for even a few years seems incredibly difficult. How can city planners have the insight of an Arthur C. Clarke or a clairvoyant to design smart cities that remain vital for even as long as several decades into the future? Technological innovation, social interaction on the Internet, globally linked economies, and increasing trade in services and intellectual property in today’s digital ecosphere are all combining to accelerate the rate of change. The concept of an increasing rate of acceleration is known to physicists by the highly technical term known as jerk. That is the term for a fourth order exponential of change over time.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joseph N. Pelton
    • 1
  • Indu B. Singh
    • 2
  1. 1.IAASSArlingtonUSA
  2. 2.Planet Defense, LLCFairfaxUSA

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