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Anatomy and Physiology of Retina and Posterior Segment of the Eye

  • Orhan E. Arslan
Chapter

Abstract

The fact that the retina is readily accessible has a key role in constructing visual images and interacting with the environment and that most of the sensory input is of visual nature affirms the significance of investigative exploration of this part of the visual system. The goal of this work is to recognize the unique cellular characteristics and the neural circuitry of the retina in the posterior segment in primates. To that end an attempt has been made we have attempted to examine the retinal pigment epithelium and its role in the barrier system and the metabolic activity of the retina. We also discussed the characteristics of the photoreceptors and the foveal structure with associated reflexes. The blood flow and associated regulatory mechanisms as well as laminar organization of the optic disc have been explored.

Keywords

RPE Optic disc Fovea Hyaloid Photopic Scotopic 

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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pathology and Cell BiologyUniversity of South Florida Morsani College of MedicineTampaUSA

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