Stiffening Thin Orthotropic Deck Structures with Thermoset Epoxy Asphalt for Improved Fatigue Resistance

  • Can ChenEmail author
  • Wolfgang O. Eisenhut
  • Kreisler Lau
  • Alex Ingram
  • John Bors
Conference paper
Part of the Sustainable Civil Infrastructures book series (SUCI)


Early fatigue cracking of the pavement was frequently observed on bridges with relatively thin decks of orthotropic design, particularly in hot climates. This study investigates the possible use of epoxy asphalt to stiffen a thin steel deck and mitigate flexural and fatigue failure. Three different epoxy asphalt binders were used and two pavement mix designs were employed. The binder and pavement mixture properties were evaluated with direct tensile test and pull-off strength test on the binder, Marshall and flexural fatigue tests on paving mixture with steel plates. Test results show that a relatively high modulus binder and a relatively stiff pavement can effectively reduce the composite’s deflection and improve fatigue resistance. Binder adhesion to the aggregate in the composite seems to play a pivotal role and the strength of this bond may have a close relationship with the stiffness of the pavement.


  1. Alabaster, D., Herrington, R., Water, J.C.: Long life open-graded porous asphalt. In: Third International Conference on Accelerated Pavement Testing. Spain (2008)Google Scholar
  2. Alabaster, D., Herrington, P.R., Water, J.: Ultra long life low noise porous asphalt. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. (2012). Scholar
  3. American Association of State Highway Transportation Office—AASHTO: LRFD Bridge Design Specifications, 5th edn. American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Washington, DC (2010)Google Scholar
  4. American Institute of Steel Construction—AISC: Design Manual for Orthotropic Steel plate Deck Bridges. New York (1963)Google Scholar
  5. Asphalt Institute: Mix design methods for asphalt concrete and other hot-mix types. MS-2, Lexington, KY (1979)Google Scholar
  6. Bahia, H., Moraes, R., Velasquez, R.: The effect of bitumen stiffness on the adhesive strength measured by the bitumen bond strength test. In: 5th Eurasphalt and Eurobitume Congress. Istanbul (2012)Google Scholar
  7. Federal Highway Adminstration—FHWA: Manual for design, construction, and maintenance of orthotropic steel deck bridges. Publication No. FHWA-IF-12-027 (2012)Google Scholar
  8. Gaul, R.: Epoxy asphalt concrete—a polymer concrete with 25 years’ expereince. Am. Concr. Inst. Publ. Symp. Publ. 166(13), 233–251 (1996)Google Scholar
  9. Huang, W.D., Quan, L.V., Xiao, F.P.: Investigation of using binder bond strength test to evaluate adhesion and self-healing properties of modified asphalt binders. Constr. Build. Mater. 113, 49–56 (2016). Scholar
  10. Islam, M.R., Tarefder, A.R.: Study of asphalt aging through beam fatigue test. Transp. Res. Rec. 2505, 115–120 (2015). Scholar
  11. Jia, X.Y., Huang, B.S., Chen, S.J., Shi, D.W.: Comparative investigation into field performance of steel bridge deck asphalt overlay systems. Korean Soc. Civ. Eng. 20(7), 2755–2764 (2016)Google Scholar
  12. Lu, Q., Luo, S. Condition survey and analysis of first epoxy asphalt concrete pavement on orthotropic bridges in China—a ten year review report. Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of South Florida, USA (2010)Google Scholar
  13. Murakoshi, J., Yandori, N., Ishizawa, T., Toyama, N., Kosuge, T.: Study on effect of deck thickness of orthotropic steel deck on fatigue durability. J. Steel Constr. Eng. 19 (2012)Google Scholar
  14. New Zealand Transport Agency—NZTA: SP/SM10:140905 Specification for dense graded and stone mastic asphalts (2014) Google Scholar
  15. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development-OECD: Long-life surfacings for roads- field test results. (2017)
  16. Seim, C., Ingham, T.: Influence of wearing surfacing on performance of orthotropic steel plate decks. Transp. Res. Rec. 1892, 98–106 (2004). Scholar
  17. Tang, S., Williams, R.C., Cascione, A.: Reconsideration of fatigue test for asphalt mixtures and binder containing high percentage RAP. Int. J. Pavement Eng. (2015). Scholar
  18. Wu, J.P., Herrington, P.R., Alabaster, D.: Long-term durability of epoxy-modified open-graded porous asphalt wearing course. Int. J. Pavement Eng. (2017). Scholar
  19. Yao, B., Wang, X., Hong, H., Cheng, C.: Research on the dynamic bending behavior of a composite beam model for the asphalt overlay on steel bridge deck. In: Transportation Research Board 92th Annual Meeting. Washington, DC (2013)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Can Chen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Wolfgang O. Eisenhut
    • 1
  • Kreisler Lau
    • 1
  • Alex Ingram
    • 1
  • John Bors
    • 2
  1. 1.ChemCo Systems Inc.Redwood CityUSA
  2. 2.Auckland Harbour Bridge AllianceAucklandNew Zealand

Personalised recommendations