Evaluation of Concrete Bored Piles Behaviour in Saturated Loose and Dense Sand During the Static Load Testing

  • Mehdi AghayarzadehEmail author
  • Hadi Khabbaz
  • Behzad Fatahi
Conference paper
Part of the Sustainable Civil Infrastructures book series (SUCI)


Diversity of construction methods is available for the installation of piles; and generally piles are classified into two main groups in terms of their installation method, including non-displacement piles and displacement piles. However, non-displacement piles such as bored piles or drilled shafts cause less disruption to adjacent soil compared to displacement piles. Knowing the behaviour of piles, the load-displacement curve has an important role during the pile load testing. In this study, firstly, the background and concepts of three different constitutive soil models including Mohr-Coulomb, Hardening Soil and Hypoplastic models are discussed. Secondly, using these soil models and finite element software PLAXIS, the load carrying capacity of a single bored pile in saturated dense and loose sand are evaluated. Finally, different factors affecting load-displacement curve including Hypoplastic model parameters are assessed. The most important aim of this study is comparing the capability of different soil models to capture the large strain behaviour observed during the static load testing. The results revealed that all three soil models indicate a reasonable correlation to each other, except when the “Intergranular Strain” concept, defined in Hypoplastic model, is activated. This paper can be useful for the practicing engineers to identify the effect of different soil models in numerical simulation of static pile load testing.


Pile load testing Hypoplastic soil model Solid pile Load-displacement curve 


  1. Aghayarzadeh, M., Khabbaz, H., Fatahi, B., Terzaghi, S.: Continuum numerical modelling of dynamic load test for steel pipe piles. International Conference on Advancement of Pile Technology and Pile Case Histories, Indonesia, 10 pages (2017)Google Scholar
  2. Dung, P.H.: Modelling of Installation Effect of Driven Piles by Hypoplasticity (2009)Google Scholar
  3. Elmi Anaraki, K.: Hypoplasticity Investigated. Master of Science, Delft University of Technology (2008)Google Scholar
  4. Grand, B.A.: Types of piles: their characteristics and general use. Highw. Res. Rec. (333) (1970)Google Scholar
  5. Gudehus, G.: A comprehensive constitutive equation for granular materials. Soils Found. 36(1), 1–12 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Kolymbas, D.: A generalized hypoelastic constitutive law. In: Proceedings of XI International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering, 2626 (1985)Google Scholar
  7. Mašın, D.: PLAXIS Implementation of HYPOPLASTICITY (2010)Google Scholar
  8. Niemunis, A., Herle, I.: Hypoplastic model for cohesionless soils with elastic strain range. Mech. Cohesive-Frictional Mater. 2(4), 279–299 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. PLAXIS, B.: Plaxis 2D Version. 2017. Reference Manual. Delft, The Netherlands (2017)Google Scholar
  10. Schanz, T., Desrues, J., Vermeer, P.: Comparison of sand data on different plane strain devices. Proc. IS-Nagoya 97, 289–294 (1997)Google Scholar
  11. von Wolffersdorff, P.A.: A hypoplastic relation for granular materials with a predefined limit state surface. Mech. Cohesive-Frictional Mater. 1(3), 251–271 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Wehnert, M., Vermeer, P.: Numerical analyses of load tests on bored piles. Numer. Methods Geomech.–NUMOG IX, 505–511 (2004)Google Scholar
  13. Yu, F., Yang, J.: Base capacity of open-ended steel pipe piles in sand. J. Geotech. Geoenviron. Eng. 138(9), 1116–1128 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mehdi Aghayarzadeh
    • 1
    Email author
  • Hadi Khabbaz
    • 2
  • Behzad Fatahi
    • 2
  1. 1.University of Technology Sydney (UTS)SydneyAustralia
  2. 2.Geotechnical EngineeringUniversity of Technology Sydney (UTS)SydneyAustralia

Personalised recommendations