Evaluation of Polymer Based Dust Suppressant Mixed with Clayey Soil in Unpaved Road: Lab Experiment
Industrial activities, combustion, roads and construction are all sources for the generation of fugitive dust. Fugitive dust presents a major challenge for air quality, unpaved road preservation and transportation safety. In the past, a variety of dust suppressants was used in the industry to cope with this problem. In this project, a polymer-based suppressant was analyzed to see its performance on clayey soil. The clayey soil samples were collected in Sedona, Arizona and were mixed with polymer-based suppressant with 3 concentration rates, 5%, 10%, and 15% by weight. A series of lab experiments were performed including moisture retention tests, surface strength tests, dynamic rolling (grinding) tests, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) imaging. The mechanical responses data of the dust suppressant treated specimens were recorded and analyzed. The results show that the 15% polymer treated specimen has a better ability in dust suppression as shown in its moisture retention rate, surface strength/resistance to load penetration, dynamic rolling resistance, and cohesion/interlock effect in SEM images.
This research work is supported by the following grants: (1) Natural Science Foundation of Hunan Province, China (18JJ4028), (2) the Foundation of National Key Laboratory for Safety and Health of Mines sponsored by the MaanShan Institute of Mining Research CO., LTD., SinaSteel Group, China (2017-JSKSSYS-05), (3) the Industrial Collaboration Funding of Hengyang Science and Technology Program, China (2015kc58), (4) 2016 Technology Funding for Safe Production and Severe Incident Prevention (Hunan-0003-2016AQ), and (5) 2017 Technology Funding for Safe Production and Severe Incident Prevention (Hunan-0007-2017AQ), and (6) the Opening Foundation Project of Hunan Provincial Key Laboratory of Safe Mining Techniques of Coal Mines at Hunan University of Science and Technology, China (201405). The authors expressed their gratitude for the above funding supports. The authors also would like to thank Desert Mountain Inc. for providing polymer dust suppressants to be used in the experiments. The assistance from staff of Desert Mountain Inc. is gratefully appreciated.
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