Cardiology in the Newborn Nursery
Early detection is vital to improving morbidity and mortality in newborns with congenital heart disease. A complete understanding of cardiac development and embryology provides the basic principles to help clinicians manage patients at the time of presentation. Newborn screening has been instrumental in recognizing newborns with cyanotic congenital heart disease. Clinical algorithms provide very practical tools that help differentiate cyanotic congenital heart disease from other causes of cyanosis and further define each disease process for timely treatment to ensure better outcomes.
KeywordsCongenital heart disease Cyanotic Non-cyanotic Embryology Heart murmur Oxygen saturation Aortic stenosis Ventricular septal defect Pulmonic stenosis Atrial septal defect Transposition of the great vessels Total anomalous pulmonary venous return Tricuspid atresia Tetralogy of Fallot Truncus arteriosus
The authors would like to acknowledge and express their deepest gratitude to Phyllis Z Sindel BFA for the wonderful medical illustrations included in this chapter. We could not have completed this work without her participation.
- 5.Mahle WT, Newburger JW, Matherne GP, Smith FC, Hoke TR, Kopple R, Gidding SS, Beekman RH 3rd, Grosse SD, on behalf of the American Heart Association Congenital Heart Defects Committee of the Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young, Council on Cardiovascular Nursing, and Interdisciplinary Council on Quality of Care and Outcomes Research; and the American Academy of Pediatrics Section on Cardiology and Cardiovascular Surgery, and the Committee on the Fetus and Newborn. Role of Pulse Oximetry in examining newborns for congenital heart disease: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association and the American Academy of Pediatrics. Circulation. 2009;120:447–58.CrossRefGoogle Scholar