Advertisement

Development of Measures to Prevent Surging Turbochargers of Cars

  • A. V. Gritsenko
  • V. D. Shepelev
  • A. V. Samartseva
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)

Abstract

The priority direction of the development of mechanical engineering is the increase in the energy saturation of the automobile and tractor fleet. One of the most effective ways of boosting modern engines is turbocharging and the use of turbochargers (TCR). However, along with a positive effect—boosting and increasing the power in the range of 5–50%, there is a significant drawback—a decrease in the engine reliability. The main reasons for this are: high stochastic load conditions, which is 10–150%, depending on the type of the work performed. The use of the hydraulic accumulator providing additional lubrication of the TCR rotor bearings predetermines an increase in the rotor run-out time by a factor of 1.5–2.5, and, correspondingly, an improvement in the design parameters of the accumulator. When connecting the brake device, with a simultaneous integrated application of the accumulator, the duration of the run-out of the TCR rotor is reduced by 30–40%. In this case, providing the accumulator with a standard accumulator lubrication of the rotor bearings enables to reduce the volume of the accumulator to 2.0–2.2 L and its dimensions in 1.2–1.5 times. But at the same time, there are surging phenomena of moving with a high-speed air flow. To prevent surging, it is necessary to study the spectrum of eigenfrequencies and the shape of the oscillations of a brake device damper. For this purpose, a classical experimental vibration setup was used and the first five resonance frequencies were determined.

Keywords

Engine Turbocharger Bearings Surging Braking Coasting 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The work was supported by Act 211 Government of the Russian Federation, contract № 02.A03.21.0011.

References

  1. 1.
    Harnoy A (2003) Bearing design in machinery: engineering tribology and lubrication. Marcel Dekker, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Forsthoffer B, Santos IF (2005) Turbocompressor performance condition monitoring. In: Rotating equipment handbooks, vol 3, pp 279–287Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Estupinan EA, Santos I (2009) Active lubrication strategies applied to dynamically loaded fluid film bearings. In: Proceedings of the world tribology conference, Orland (FL), USAGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Guzelbaev Y, Lunev AT, Khavkin AL et al (2013) The way to protect the compressor from surging. Compress Technol Pneum 2Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kimmich F, Schwarte A, Isermann R (2005) Fault detection for modern diesel engines using signal- and process model-based methods. Control Eng Pract 13(2):189–203.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conengprac.2004.03.002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bozza F, De Bellis V (2010) Steady and unsteady modeling of turbocharger compressors for automotive engines. SAE Tech Pap.  https://doi.org/10.4271/2010-01-1536CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kabanov OV, Gryzhebovsky AO (2016) Modern trends of anti-surge protection of compressor equipment. Actual Probl Mod Sci 2(87):266–269Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Korkin AA (2008) Perspectives of using hydraulic accumulators in lubrication systems of turbochargers. In: Mechanics—the XXI-st century, BratskGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Capobianco M, Marelli S (2006) Turbocharger turbine performance under steady and unsteady flow: test bed analysis and correlation criteria. In: The 8th international conference on turbochargers and turbocharging, pp 193–206Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Malakhovetsky AF (2004) Improving the reliability of turbochargers TKR-7N-1. Perfection of technology and organization of ensuring the working capacity of machines: interuniversity. sci. compilation, Sarat. State. Tech. Univ, Saratov, pp 8–13Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Nosyrev DY, Svechnikov AA, Stanovova YY (2014) Experimental studies of the operation of the turbocharger at the moment of the start of rotation and at the moment of stopping. Herald Transp Volga Reg 1(43):15–19Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Petitjean D, Bernardini L, Middlemass C et al (2004) Advanced gasoline engine turbocharging technology for fuel economy improvements. SAE Tech Pap.  https://doi.org/10.4271/2004-01-0988CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Andersen J, Lindström F, Westin F (2009) Surge definitions for radial compressors in automotive turbochargers. SAE Int J Engines 1(1):218–231.  https://doi.org/10.4271/2008-01-0296CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Galindo J, Serrano JR, Guardiola C et al (2006) Surge limit definition in a specific test bench for the characterization of automotive turbochargers. Exp Therm Fluid Sci 30(5):449–462.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.expthermflusci.2005.06.002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Dale A, Watson N (1986) Vaneless radial turbocharger turbine performance. In: The Institution of Mechanical Engineers Conference Publications, pp 65–76Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Plaksin AM, Gritsenko AV, Glemba KV (2015) Modernization of the turbocharger lubrication system of an Internal combustion engine. Procedia Eng 129:857–862CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Gritsenko AV, Plaksin AM, Almetova ZV (2017) Development of combined ICE startup system by means of hydraulic starter. Procedia Eng 206:1238–1245CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Gritsenko AV, Plaksin AM, Shepelev VD (2017) Studuing lubrication system of turbocompressor rotor with integrated electronic control. Procedia Eng 206:611–616CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Zadorozhnaya EA (2015) Solving a thermohydrodynamic lubrication problem for complex-loaded sliding bearings with allowance for rheological behavior of lubricating fluid. J Mach Manuf Reliab 44(1):46–56CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Tang H, Copeland C, Akehurst S et al (2017) A novel predictive semi-physical feed-forward turbocharging system transient control strategy based on mean-value turbocharger model. Int J Engine Res 18(8):765–775.  https://doi.org/10.1177/1468087416670052CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Khadiev MB, Zinnatullin NKh, Nafikov IM (2014) Mechanism of surging in centrifugal compressors. Bull Kazan Technological Univ 17(8):262–266Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Theotokatos G, Kyrtatos NP (2003) Investigation of a large high-speed diesel engine transient behavior including compressor surging and emergency shutdown. J Eng Gas Turbines Power 125(2):580–589.  https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1559903CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Chiatti G, Chiavola O, Recco E (2017) Turbocharging a small displacement diesel engine for urban vehicles. Int J Mech Eng Technol 8(7):1916–1928Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Zamboni G, Moggia S, Capobianco M (2017) Effects of a dual-loop exhaust gas recirculation system and variable nozzle turbine control on the operating parameters of an automotive diesel engine. Energies 10(1).  https://doi.org/10.3390/en10010047CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. V. Gritsenko
    • 1
    • 2
  • V. D. Shepelev
    • 1
  • A. V. Samartseva
    • 1
  1. 1.South Ural State UniversityChelyabinskRussia
  2. 2.South Ural State Agrarian UniversityChelyabinskRussia

Personalised recommendations