Advertisement

Investigation of Wire Feed Control Channel in Additive Manufacturing Unit

  • D. A. Gaponova
  • A. V. Shcherbakov
  • R. V. Rodyakina
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)

Abstract

The structure, composition, and characteristics of a device for feeding a filler wire to an electron beam additive manufacturing unit are described. The analysis of the results of experimental technological processes is carried out and the relevance of considering the wire feed channel as one of the main control channels is proved, for the effective use of which feedback speeding is required. The analysis of existing methods of measuring feed speed is carried out and a noncontact measurement method based on the use of a multi-element matrix sensor and infrared illumination is proposed. A measurement scheme is described, which includes a computer, as well as a module for data collection and control. The experimentally obtained dynamic characteristics of the control channel of wire feed speed are presented. The analysis of the obtained oscillograms of the armature winding voltage and the signal of the wire feed speed is carried out, and the possibility of using the proposed sensor for constructing feed speed stabilization system is justified.

Keywords

Additive technologies Wire feed Control channel Process of electron beam surfacing Optical sensors Computer data acquisition system 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was carried out in the National Research University «Moscow Power Engineering Institute»; it was supported by grant from the Russian Science Foundation (project 17-79-20015).

References

  1. 1.
    Gibson Y, Rosen D, Staker B (2016) Additive production technologies. Three-dimensional printing, rapid prototyping and direct digital production. Technosphere, Moscow, 656ppGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Zlenko MA, Dovbysh VM (2015) Additive technologies in machine-building; manual for engineers. State Research Center of Russia Federal State Universal Enterprise NAMI, Moscow, 220ppGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Taminger KMB, Hafley RA (2003) Electron beam freeform fabrication: a rapid metal deposition process. In: Proceedings of the third annual automotive composites conference. Society of Plastic Engineers, Troy, Michigan, USA, pp 9–10Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Taminger KM, Hafley RA, Martin RE, Hofmeister WH (2013) Closed-loop process control for an electron beam free-form fabrication and deposition processes. US patent 8,452,073 B2, 28 May 2013Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Stecker S (2013) Electron beam layer manufacturing using scanning electron monitored loop control. US Patent 5,598,523 B2, 3 Dec 2013Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Zalameda JN, Burke ER, Hafley RA et al (2013) Thermal imaging for assessment of electron-beam freeform fabrication (EBF3) additive manufacturing deposits. Proc SPIE 8705:1–8Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Soylemez E, Beuth JL, Taminger K (2010) Controlling melt pool dimensions over a wide range of material deposition rates in electron beam additive manufacturing. In: 21st annual international solid freeform fabrication symposium proceedings. An additive manufacturing conference, Austin, USA, 9–11 Aug 2010, pp 571–582Google Scholar
  8. 8.
  9. 9.
  10. 10.
    Gudenko AV, Dragunov VK, Sliva AP (2017) A technique for determining the modes of layer-by-layer electron-beam surfacing of wire for additive technologies. Vestnik MPEI 5:8–14Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Gudenko AV, Sliva AP (2017) Forming of products of complex geometry by the method of electron beam surfacing. In: Electron-beam welding and related technologies: a collection of materials and reports of the second international conference “Electron Beam Welding and Related Technologies”, Publishing house MPEI, Moscow, 14–16 Nov 2017, pp 266–281Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Sergatsky GI, Blinov VI, Alisov SN et al (1990) Autom Weld 5:58–63Google Scholar
  13. 13.
  14. 14.
    Budnitsky AD, Sarayev YuN (2003) Method for measuring the speed of feeding electrode wire. RU Patent 2196029Google Scholar
  15. 15.
  16. 16.
  17. 17.
    Dargar Saurabh, Sankaranarayanan Ganesh, De Suvranu (2012) TooltrackTM: a compact, low-cost system for measuring surgical tool motion. Stud Health Technol Inf 173:108–110Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Tresanches M, Palleja T, Teixido M, Palacin J (2010) Measuring yarn diameter using inexpensive optical sensors. Procedia Eng 5:236–239CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. A. Gaponova
    • 1
  • A. V. Shcherbakov
    • 1
  • R. V. Rodyakina
    • 1
  1. 1.National Research University “MPEI”MoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations