Three-Position Solenoid Valve for Pneumatic Systems of Trucks

  • A. I. Nefed’evEmail author
  • G. I. Sharonov
  • I. E. Ilyina
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)


The three-position solenoid valve is intended for use in the pneumatic system of the vehicles for drive and controls the gearbox by a microprocessor-based car engine control system. Supply voltage of three-position solenoid valve is 24 V, and its power is 14 W. The main design feature of the three-position solenoid valve is the absence of the synthetic sealing materials. The sealing surfaces of the solenoid valve are a metal surface with the microrelief in the form of successively alternating annular projections and depressions which increases the actual contact area of these surfaces. Any rubber and plastic sealing elements are completely absent in the designed solenoid valve. This technical solution allows one to significantly improve key indicators of valve quality, such as integrity, reliability, and durability of the valve up to 107 or more cycles of operation. An additional advantage of this construction of the solenoid valve is low cost of its production.


Pneumatic system Solenoid valve Microrelief surface Truck Automotive Electromagnetic Three-position valve 



The article presents the results of research performed by the Erasmus+ program No. 573879-EPP-1-2016-1-FREPPKA2-CBHE-JP “Internationalisation of Master Programs in Russia and China in Electrical Engineering”.


  1. 1.
    Naunheimer H, Bertsche B, Ryborz J, Nowak W (2011) Automotive transmissions: fundamentals, selection, design and application, 2nd edn. Springer, Berlin HeidelbergCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Janssen P, Govindswamy K (2013) Future automatic transmission requirements. In: 2nd international CTI symposium and exhibition innovative automotive transmissions, hybrid & electric drives, Shanghai, China, 25–27 Sep 2013Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Boetz J, Mutschler E (1974) Magnetventil. DE patent 2,257,211, 06 June 1974Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Imanaka et al (1998) Electromagnetic valve. US patent 4,773,447, 27 Sept 1988Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hashida K (1997) Three position solenoid controlled valve. US patent 5,609,400, 11 Mar 1997Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Akamatsu et al (1998) Three-position solenoid valve. US patent 5,771,933, 30 June 1998Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Fong KB et al (2000) Two-position, three-way solenoid-actuated valve. US patent 6,065,495, 23 May 2000Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Morris JM (2010) Three position selector valve. US patent 7,819,383, 26 Oct 2010Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Aranovich FE (2013) Three position solenoid valve. US patent 8,434,516, 05 July 2013Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Furlani ER (2001) Permanent magnet and electromechanical devices. Academic Press, San DiegoGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Theobald MA, Ahmed T (1989) A survey of variable valve actuation technology. SAE paper (SAE1989), SAE 891674, 1989Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Chung MJ (2014) Development of high-speed response electromagnetic linear actuator using for pneumatic control valve. Appl Mech Mater 532:41–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Braune S, Liu S, Mercorelli P (2006) Design and control of an electromagnetic valve actuator. In: Conference: computer aided control system design, IEEE Xplore, pp 1657–1662Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Park S-H, Lee J, Yoo J, Kim D (2003) Effects of design and operating parameters on the static and dynamic performance of an electromagnetic valve actuator. Proc Inst Mech Eng Part D J Automob Eng 217:193–201CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Bang Y-B, Lee K-I, Joo C-S, Hur J-W (2004) Two-stage electrohydraulic servovalve using stack-type piezoelectric elements. Proc Inst Mech Eng Part C J Mech Eng Sci 218:53–65CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Kocabicak ZK, Yüksel I (2006) Real time control of a different type of electromechanical valve actuator. Uludağ Univ J Fac Eng 11:83–92Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Stewart P, Gladwin D, Fleming P (2007) Multiobjective analysis for the design and control of an electromagnetic valve actuator. Proc Inst Mech Eng Part D J Automob Eng 221:567–577CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Parshin NE, Toporkov VP, Anikin LM, Sharonov GI (1995) Electromagnetic valve. RF patent 2,046,238, 20 Oct 1995Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Parshin NE, Toporkov VP, Anikin LM, Ryabkov AI, Sharonov GI, Osipov EM (1994) The unit for distant gear switching in mechanical step gearbox. RF patent 2,015,937, 15 July 1994Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Zeleznov BP, Derkachova LP, Sharonov GI (2000) Three position electromagnetic valve and it’s electromagnetic valve. RF patent 2,159,380, 20 Nov 2000Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Nefed’ev AI, Sharonov GI (2016) Development of microprocessor-based car engine control system. Procedia Eng 150:1341–1344. ElsevierGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. I. Nefed’ev
    • 1
    Email author
  • G. I. Sharonov
    • 2
  • I. E. Ilyina
    • 2
  1. 1.Volgograd State Technical UniversityVolgogradRussia
  2. 2.Automobile and Road Institute of the Penza State University of Architecture and ConstructionPenzaRussia

Personalised recommendations